Skip to main content

Questions tagged [light]

Electromagnetic radiation, specifically the range of wavelengths visible to humans ("visible light").

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1 vote
1 answer
37 views

Can both lenses of different eyes intentionally focus at different amounts

Can each lens of both eyes have different accommodation rates, or have a different focal length to view objects of different distances. I understand that this can be a problem known as Anisometropia, ...
Astrovis's user avatar
  • 113
1 vote
2 answers
111 views

How do we see the violet color?

Here is exactly the same question with an accepted answer. However, that answer looks wrong (I can’t find the “alert moderators” button). Firstly, it refers to a dubious source. Secondly, it ...
Imyaf's user avatar
  • 121
0 votes
0 answers
14 views

Near-infrared EM spectrum and uses in biology (specifically in botany/vegetation)

A little explanation for my problem: I have a large dataset - images of aerial scans of my country. These images are available in both RGB and RGBN colors - N specifying the near-infrared color ...
Timotej Leginus's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
42 views

Does sunlight interfere with the efficiency of compound light microscope?

I have access to an olympus bx41 microscope. The table on which sits the microscope is in front of a large window and unfortunately no curtains are available. I'm starting to relate that whenever the ...
Freezing Soul's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
28 views

Why do flies and fruit flies exhibit two distinctive (but not exclusive) flying patterns?

I live near a forest with a canal, and often see fruit flies, they also sometimes come in our house and occasionally feed on bits of fruit. Also, sometimes I meet regular house flies here and there, ...
LimeAndConconut's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
24 views

Relation between image on retina and the real one: looking at the two objects that are 45 degrees apart, what's the distance in the actual image?

These are what I understand about the vision. lights come through the pupil. an inverted image of the real objects is formed on the retina. which is determined by the angles. (so (a, d) and (b, c) ...
stay stay's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
55 views

Laser in mirror experiment

Apologies if this question is very simple I performed an experiment where I would shine my toy laser at the mirror and it would be reflected. Now here is what I tried: I could see my laser toy , I ...
Naveen V's user avatar
  • 103
0 votes
0 answers
20 views

Did animals primarily evolve to differentiate UV-rich sky from UV-poor substrate OR did they evolve to see visible light? [duplicate]

I read two things that appear to contradict each other. The reason humans only see light in the visible spectrum is likely related to the transmission of light waves through water: most infrared and ...
aquaporin's user avatar
  • 188
3 votes
0 answers
82 views

Happiness from sunlight is from IR or UV?

I found this study that shows that UV light makes our skin release feel-good endorphins. This is the pop-sci writeup. On the other hand, it seems like IR is what causes the sense of warmth in the skin ...
user3807846's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
44 views

Absorption bands of chlorophyll

I am currently reading this article, which discusses the functional impact of the $Q_x$ and $Q_y$ absorption bands of chlorophyll in photosynthesis. However, the article didn't say where on the ...
slithy-tove's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
25 views

Primary charge separation in Photosystem II

I was reading through an article about primary charge separation in Photosystem II when I came across the following graphic: I assumed that the axis is measured with respect to the unexcited system, ...
slithy-tove's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
4k views

What is the minimum light intensity that a human eye can detect?

By doing a quick search in Google, I find a series of pages dedicated to physics exercises claiming that the human eye threshold for light intensity is $10^{-10}$ W/m${}^2$. However I cannot find any ...
Mauricio's user avatar
  • 259
2 votes
1 answer
200 views

Why do humans see exactly one octave of light?

The visible spectrum of light is often defined as 350nm to 700nm. On Wikipedia, it says 380nm to 750nm. Either way, the upper bound is very close to double the lower bound. This means humans can see ...
Lycodo's user avatar
  • 23
0 votes
0 answers
30 views

Why do people say that blue light is damaging to the eyes?

It's easy to find claims that blue light (e.g., from computer screens) is damaging to the eyes. For example, here is some discussion of the topic. Is there any physical mechanism by which blue (not ...
Matt's user avatar
  • 1
0 votes
1 answer
103 views

Image sensitivity of eyes and peripheral vision

I have bad eyes and need glasses. However I have noticed when it is dark, I am able to see contrasting colours a lot better in the corner of my eyes, than in the center, e.g a mark on my wall I can't ...
jensen paull's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
279 views

How many photons does a GFP molecule absorb per second?

I'm trying to calculate how many photons will a GFP emit per second. The calculation seem easy just multiply the number of absorbed photons by the quantum yield. But how can I obtain the number of ...
BPinto's user avatar
  • 478
7 votes
1 answer
1k views

Do color-blind people have more rod cells in their retinae than the normally sighted?

All types of color-blindness are said to be caused by the defect or lack of cone cells in the eyes[1]. Since cone cells sense color[2] and rod cells can only sense light intensity[3], the lack of cone ...
Zo-Bro-23's user avatar
  • 581
6 votes
1 answer
144 views

How is the extraordinary eyesight of some deep-sea creatures explained?

Mantis shrimp is a marine crustacean that is known to have a vision system that is much more complex than the eyes of many animals living on the ground. As explained here, it has 12 types of ...
Mostafa's user avatar
  • 161
1 vote
0 answers
54 views

What is the true response of human photoreceptors to different wavelengths? Why is there so much disagreement in the literature?

I can find several qualitatively different diagrams of the responsiveness of human cones and rods to different wavelengths of light. A page referencing Bowmaker and Dartnall, 1980 has the following ...
RavenclawPrefect's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
194 views

Would green light look different if blue and red cones were deactivated

When looking at a graph plotting "blue", "green" and "red" cones reponses to different wavelengths, you can see that any wavelength trigerring a response from green cones ...
Uretki's user avatar
  • 11
0 votes
3 answers
2k views

Can insects be killed by intense visible light?

Some mosquitoes and flies were sitting on the white ceiling. I took a very powerful flashlight to try and daze and then vacuum them. When I put the flashlight's head against the ceiling (with a ...
Alexander's user avatar
  • 141
0 votes
1 answer
155 views

Fluorescent purple flowers?

Do some flowers fluoresce? Some deep purple Lobelias and larkspurs seem to glow and confuse my eyes in sunlight. It reminds me of those blue LED Christmas lights (they come in strings with other ...
Pamela Bronson's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
208 views

Why when measuring turbidity do we use the minimum wavelength?

As a preface, I read a few other related posts and was able to gather some knowledge, though without any background in physics I am having some trouble here piecing together a coherent view. I looked ...
neurosciencecalc's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
16 views

Most optically transparent muscle phantom?

I am trying to use Schlieren imaging techniques to visualize how a sound wave propagates through muscle tissue. In the past, when needing to experiment with muscle we would use an agar based muscle ...
Landon's user avatar
  • 133
-3 votes
2 answers
164 views

Why doesn't the rate of photosynthesis increase with increasing light energy (frequency)? [duplicate]

Why doesn't the rate of photosynthesis increase with increasing light energy (frequency)? I know that green light is not absorbed by chlorophyll, yet I am confused as to why this certain "...
Kim Miso's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
111 views

Do SILK fibres let light pass through it?

The reason given by Wikipedia for silk fibres being lustrous is that: Silk fibres have triangular prism-like structure, which allows them to refract the incoming light at different angles. By my ...
user100323's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
1k views

What are the physiological effects of retinal exposure to 380–400nm light?

There are two categories of sunglasses: UV380 sunglasses block all light with wavelength 380nm or lower, while UV400 sunglasses block all light with wavelength 400nm or lower. This made me wonder, ...
hb20007's user avatar
  • 985
1 vote
0 answers
56 views

Is evolution the reason why water is colourless for our eyes?

Liquid water is transparent to most of the visible spectra, whereas it absorbs infrared. Similarly, the air is almost transparent to the visible spectra too. Could these be the reasons why our eyes ...
Aryaman Bansal's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
22 views

Are there any studies on the solar latitude limits of different plant species, beyond which they wouldn't thrive even with suitable weather?

Not sure whether this belongs here or in the Gardening & Landscaping StackExchange, but here goes... According to maps provided in the paper Present and future Köppen-Geiger climate ...
Grant Hartlage's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
154 views

A poor man's COVID-19 vaccine? [closed]

If person A is infected (COVID-19) and person B is not, could the following work as a vaccination? Person A exhales (coughs?) into a a transparent bag. The bag is radiated for a long time with a ...
kackle123's user avatar
  • 135
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

Are mosquitoes attracted to blue lights in particular?

I've been confronting the fact since childhood that mosquitoes are attracted to lights, especially blue lights. Now I know that all insects including mosquitoes are attracted to bright light but I ...
Tazpool's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
1 answer
49 views

What is the simplest way to demonstrate the germicidal property of UV light?

This is intended for a high school project. I am familiar with the one that studies growth of e coli over time in a petri dish but I a bit concerned about as to how safe a demonstration of this nature ...
Momin Anjum's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
1k views

What happens to plants if they are exposed to "sunlight" 24h a day?

I just wondered if one could grow plants faster, if they were exposed to sunlight-like light all the time. In a similar question which is not the same, I could confirm that plants have different ...
Martin Thoma's user avatar
  • 1,625
0 votes
1 answer
167 views

Effect of light intensity on the frequency of stomata

According to this article, the frequency of stomata increases with an increase in the intensity of light. What I inferred from this is, since the rate of photosynthesis increases at higher light ...
AP2261's user avatar
  • 392
14 votes
2 answers
2k views

Can UV radiation be safe for the skin?

It is well known that UV radiation can damage the DNA and generally harm our skin. We also know that UV radiation helps on the production of melanin and Vitamin D. From what I could find, the DNA ...
cinico's user avatar
  • 325
6 votes
2 answers
462 views

Can mammals and/or birds see / detect infra-red light?

Wondering if there is any evidence that mammals or birds eyes can detect light emitted in the infra-red? The reason I'm asking relates to the use of nest cameras to detect predators, using infra red ...
Damon Bridge's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
357 views

Do flies avoid infrared light?

If flies avoid IR light, many places can be kept free from flies using IR light. We see insect repellers in many restaurants, but they don't seem to work well. Can IR be a safe & effective ...
Preetom Saha Arko's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
40 views

Does cataract condition cause red film when sun is shining?

Since two years ago I have a red film in my field of vision when the sunlight (or a white spot) is at the border (or even lightly behind) of the vision field, the red color is especially obvious at ...
hello world's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
235 views

Killing microorganisms on agar plates?

If I grow microorganisms on agar plates and I expose them to UV light. How exactly will I know that the microorganisms have been killed? I was watching a video that showed spots in the petri dish ...
aadityak_968's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
84 views

Why does a lightsource postpone the time it takes for the leaves falling from a birch tree?

It is autumn and the leaves have already left their trees on all birch and other trees that has leaves, except one. This birch has a spotlight pointed to the tree and it is on 24/7. I have recognized ...
Jacce's user avatar
  • 23
2 votes
2 answers
917 views

Why is 450 nm monochromatic light perceived as blue or violet depending on its intensity?

Trying to do some color matching I purchased a 450 nm laser. I expected monochromatic light of this laser to have similar properties to those of all others I've already played with — 808, 640, 520, ...
Ruslan's user avatar
  • 425
3 votes
0 answers
120 views

Can low melatonin levels and/or LED lights cause or exacerbate macular degeneration?

I have two questions that may or may not be interconnected. My first question is: Does melatonin prevent macular degeneration? Could low melatonin levels (caused by blue-rich light exposure in the ...
Fipah's user avatar
  • 59
2 votes
0 answers
79 views

What happens when pure chlorophyll A absorbs blue light?

When pure chlorophyll A is put in the presence of only blue light, what happens? My guess is that the extra energy is released as heat/kinetic energy, and then the electron has dropped to the lowest ...
Rithwik Sudharsan's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
56 views

Why did we evolve to be able to see this specific set of wavelengths only? [duplicate]

It is understandable that life didn't evolve the capability to sense all wavelengths of light, it simply didn't need it. My question is, why did it evolve the set of wavelengths it has, for example, ...
animul's user avatar
  • 253
1 vote
1 answer
125 views

Does night mode on iPhone really help?

Okay so I know that night mode is supposed to filter out blue light that is bad for the eyes, but is it really more helpful than annoying? At night I do use it when I’m on the phone but it doesn’t ...
user306598's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
38 views

What is the difference between GFP and rhodopsin?

GFP and Rhodopsin are both fluorescent proteins. What is the main difference between GFP and Rhodopsin in terms of how they work? I know that their excitation and emission wavelengths are different, ...
user1995's user avatar
  • 927
2 votes
1 answer
541 views

What photoreceptors are necessary to permit infrared vision?

Humans have red green and blue photoreceptors allowing them to sense colours in the spectrum of about 400-700nm. Certain proteins allow for the extending of wavelength range in the RGB receptors, this ...
Lutro's user avatar
  • 171
2 votes
0 answers
677 views

Can light destroy auxin?

In my biology textbook, it says that plants grow towards light because auxin is laterally transferred from the light side to the shaded side, so more auxin stimulates growth and hence the plant bends ...
Sharon's user avatar
  • 125
3 votes
0 answers
103 views

What amount of light energy is required to produce one O2 molecule? How about one molecule of NADPH?

I know that for each O2 molecule, a total of 8 photons are required (4 per photosystem). Would the amount of light energy required be E=hc/wavelength using 680 and 700? Or would the energy from the ...
ro_the_electron's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
33 views

Are natural daylight lamps for Seasonal Affective Disorder just about the color temperature?

I've seen many expensive lamps made for people who have Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) and/or who live in regions where there isn't much daylight during the winter. I'm wondering if the benefit of ...
Josh Withee's user avatar