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Questions tagged [literature]

Questions about scientific journal papers, books or other written sources, or for requests for references.

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Is autoimmune disease associated with self-reactive B cells?

I'm a bit of an amateur, so excuse what may be a very naive question, but I somewhat understand how B cells that are self-reactive (bind to endogenous epitopes) are selected out during development. I ...
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Clarification of method notation in yeast cultivation method

I'm reading a paper about yeast culture and in the methods, it says: Then $5$ ml of sterile $M/15\ KH_2PO_4$, was added to the slant, What is the meaning of $M/15$?
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1answer
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Why do stem cells injected into muscle become muscle cells?

In this article published in Science Daily, researchers injected teratoma-derived stem cells into mice with muscular dystrophy, and the stem cells regenerated 80% of the lost muscle. But what is the ...
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1answer
88 views

Why is exclusive breastfeeding recommended for 6 months only?

The WHO recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of a child's life. Review of evidence has shown that, on a population basis, exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months is the optimal ...
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What is the status of the “Free Energy Principle” as a theory of living organisms?

The free energy principle states that biological organisms maintain their order by minimizing a function called variational free energy (VFE). While it is the case that the minimum to VFE also ...
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Sugested literature for herpetology

I'm a mathametician who always have liked biology and especially reptiles. I'm here because I wanted to ask you for advice in to which books should I read to start with herpetology and what should I ...
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1answer
21 views

What does hypolithial mean

I'm writing a thesis in biology and my supervisor asked me to find literature about beetles living under rocks - specifically she wants me to find something about hypolithial diversity. However Google ...
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1answer
29 views

What is an accessible book about plant evolution for a non-biologist? [closed]

I have an acquaintance interested in learning about the evolution history of plants. This person has a wide knowledge on botanics, from personal reading and taking care of plants, but E is neither a ...
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1answer
49 views

Book on the history of Darwin's discoveries and development of his theory

This question is a book request. I am wondering if there are any books with these elements: Tells the history of Darwin's discoveries. Captures Darwin's changing views of the origins of species, ...
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1answer
24 views

What does $g_0$ mean for a centrifuge?

I'm about to make some Graphene Oxide and in the paper for Tour's Method it uses a centrifuge to isolate the solution. However it requires $319g_0$. What does this mean, and will a centrifuge with ...
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1answer
41 views

What's a good reference for learning about recombinant proteins?

I'm looking for books and articles that can bring me up to speed on the design, expression, and purification of mammalian proteins in recombinant systems, both in E. coli and in more complex systems ...
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Want reference for a convention

This answer to another question satisfactorily answer one of my major confusion. The convention is that in indicating any sequence feature† in a protein-coding gene on double-stranded DNA, a ...
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True examples of common variation due to Mendelian Inheritance

Classic examples of mendelian inheritance are genetic diseases such as sickle-cell anemia, Tay-Sachs, cystic fibrosis, and xeroderma pigmentosa. For some of these diseases, it is believed that they ...
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Do marsupials ever die in childbirth?

Question: Do marsupials ever die in childbirth? Obviously the notion of there being a linear ordering of "least advanced" to "most advanced" life forms isn't correct. Still, often marsupials are ...
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60 views

Boron vs Costanzo for first year of medical school?

Which book for physiology out of Costanzo and Walter Boron would you recommend to a first year medical student who has read upto the level of Campbell’s Biology textbook in high school?
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Can we take diffusion coefficient constant in modeling cellular signaling processes?

I am majorly interested in signaling through molecules inside living organism. I want to know that when we model any cellular signaling process, do we take diffusion to be constant of the protein/...
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45 views

GABA in plants (article about its mechanism)

I am studing to plant physiology exam and i cross over the statment about GABA in plants. It said that level of GABA increasing my thermal shock. But mechanism of effect on plants is unknown. Can ...
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1answer
157 views

Molecular psychology/psychiatry literature/articles

I am new biology student which is on molecular biology subject on university. I would like to know something about genetic related to neurobiology, and certainly molecular psychiatry/psychology, ...
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23 views

Is there any specific reference available for escape probability of Bacteria?

I have come across a lot of matter dealing with exit/escape probabilities of Brownian particles. I want to know is there any specific reference available that deals with escape probability of run and ...
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1answer
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Looking for the closest example of life forms similar to some mathematical patterns

Caveat: this is my first question here, it is quite interdisciplinary, but I hope to be in the correct place to ask. I am a user of Mathematics Stack Exchange since some years ago, and this question ...
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17 views

Looking for references on protein activity prediction

My colleagues have measured Kcat for 29 mutants of a certain enzyme and they've studied the possible impact of those mutations on the protein's physicochemical properties through computational models. ...
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0answers
14 views

Do antibodies to an arbovirus in a bloodmeal reduce vector competence?

When we conduct mosquito infection studies we typically mix blood and virus rather than using viraemic blood from naturally infected hosts. I'm looking for a paper I read some years ago which ...
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1answer
231 views

Why do cats meow but lions and tigers roar?

So as far as I know the cat animals are related to each other by evolution. (Please correct me on this if I am wrong?) How come the big cats; lions, tigers et.c. roar but smaller cats like house ...
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2answers
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Why is full cell/high antigen dose pertussis vaccine dangerous for adults?

I do remember that I have read (or heard) somewhere that as a human is older, the whole cell vaccine (and high antigen dose one) has more and more adverse effects. As it is consistent with the target ...
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How to cite a herbarium specimen

How do I cite a herbarium specimen that I have used to prepare a botanical description? Do I use the collector's name and number or the herbarium code and accession number? What if there is no record ...
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3answers
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Did early 20th century researchers state why they used E. coli as a model organism?

I am investigating the early uses of E. coli as a model organism. Sadly, many early 20th century papers are not in English. In those that are, I have been unable to find explicit statements as to why ...
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1answer
68 views

Do cells communicate only in binary levels?

In modern communication we generally have various schemes to communicate the given signal, one of them is to convey information with different levels. does cell signaling too have levels apart from ...
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63 views

Kinetic mathematical model of glycolysis?

I am looking for papers containing kinetic mathematical models of glycolysis, hopefully in mammalian cells (or as close as possible, say yeast). The papers I have found do qualitative analysis (...
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Tests for object size discrimination in mammals?

Are there common testing protocols for establishing whether an animal (mammals especially) can distinguish the size of objects? In particular, are there procedures or is there good literature on ways ...
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2answers
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Is arachnophobia connected to lower immunity against spider toxins?

Are arachnophobics more subceptible to toxical effects coming from spider toxins?
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39 views

Reference request for Sydney Brenner's “it might come in handy in the cretaceous” quote

In {1}, Richard Dawkins attributes a quote to Sydney Brenner without giving a citation. I'm preparing a publication on the same topic and if possible I would like to track down the original reference ...
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4answers
771 views

How much vitamin C has a noticeable effect on E.coli k12

I am doing a research on effects of different concentrations of vitamin C on serial dilutions of E.coli k12. I am looking for literature that has already shown effects of vitamin C on E.coli, but ...
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0answers
23 views

Can the radius of curvature of a cell be so large with respect to the size of incoming molecule that it can be considered flat?

I want to model a cell signaling scenario where the molecules acting as a signal is getting received at the receptor protein present at the cell membrane. I want to know can this molecule size be so ...
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What happens to those molecules that are not received by receptor proteins on the cell membrane?

I am studying cell communication and come to know that proteins from outside environment gets received by receptors on the cellular membrane and then the signal is transduced inside the cell. My ...
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1answer
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Can a novel protein domain arise de novo in nature or did all protein domains evolve from a single ancestor?

I know there is extensive research into the taxonomy and evolution of protein domains and many connections are, and are continuing to be, found between numerous domains. However, as far as I can see, ...
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2answers
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What are the major differences between good study habits for biology vs mathematics? [closed]

I'm a math prof. But, I've always loved reading about biology (the paleobiology of microbes and some small animals mostly) it's my hobby but I want to learn more maybe take a course. My longer term ...
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42 views

3D Object Modelling in the Brain

Could somebody point out the neuroscience literature dedicated to the modelling of 3D objects in the human mind? I'm interested in the brain regions, and particularly the details of the circuitry, ...
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Visual maps of the neuronal membrane

There are lots of visual maps of the brain as a whole, especially the cortex, that show the distribution of "features" over a two-dimensional map, e.g. the Brodman areas (their morphology and their ...
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1answer
36 views

What is the preferred way to abbreviate amino acids?

Amino acids are often denoted using either a 3-letter abbreviation or a 1-letter notation, e.g. Glutamine is denoted via $\mathrm{Gln}$ or $\mathrm{Q}$. When one notation should be preferred over ...
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1answer
101 views

Specific examples of signalling pathway using logical 'OR' and 'AND'?

I have read here that "signals from two different pathways may be needed to activate a response, which is like a logical "AND." Alternatively, either of two pathways may trigger the same response, ...
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1answer
98 views

Spatiotemporal patterns in neural networks

It turns out that my work in nonlinear dynamics directly maps to a close variant of the Integrate and Fire model. My model produces spatiotemporal patterns that resemble foam. I have to stress that ...
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1answer
85 views

white blood cells and cancer cells transport through lymphatic vessels

It is a well-known fact that both of these cells can reach the lymphatic vessels from interstitial space. How does it do so physically? Are there any mathematical models describing this process? It ...
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The human brain in numbers II-A: synaptic connections per structural type [closed]

The overall number of synapses in the human brain is roughly 1,000 trillion, i.e. 10,000 synapses per neuron. I assume that each structural type of neuron (basket, pyramidal, ...) has a somehow ...
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Control of neural systems [closed]

It turns out that my work in nonlinear dynamics directly maps to Integrate and Fire models and could even provide a new way to control them (manipulate the firing rates). However, it is unclear to me ...
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1answer
240 views

What is the mass of a human retina?

I'm struggling to find a reference for the mass or density of a human (monkey or rabbit would also work) retina. I'd appreciate any help!
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What are the microscopic mechanisms of plant branching?

For a long time I've been idly interested in how the shape of a complex organism gets determined during development at a microscopic level. Recently I've realized that plants could be a good place to ...
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1answer
39 views

Is there any species (subespecies?) whose DNA or RNA contains only in stem-loop structures?

I am a computer-scientist working in nucleic acids from the perspective of Formal Language Theory. I am dealing with several papers that analyze the Stem-Loop structure of DNA. I would like some ...
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63 views

Basic molecular biology of nucleic acids book for a mathematician studying DNA and RNA formally?

I am a mathematician studying DNA and RNA language from the perspective of Formal Language Theory. Note that I am aware of these posts: best book for a comprehensive introduction to biology for a ...
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102 views

Global database for patients with rare and important injuries or disease?

I was recently reading Christof Koch's The Quest for Consciousness, and several times he mentioned how important some patients with sad and terrible brain injuries were for the understanding of the ...
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1answer
672 views

Can DNA be considered as a fractal antenna?

I was reading about the consequences of using mobile phones and came across the statement that mobile phones are a potential source of cancers because DNA is a kind of a fractal antenna. The reason ...