Questions tagged [marine-biology]

The study of organisms that dwell in the ocean or brackish waters.

41 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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9
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1answer
106 views

What kind of fish is this white blue-stained fish?

This fish has been spotted at the Great Barrier Reef near Cairns (Queensland). I put a big effort to find it via Google but never could encounter anything similar. I have also made an attempt to find ...
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159 views

What is this underwater creature?

West Bali, about 10 meters deep. Body is roughly 10 cm across. Does not move.
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36 views

How old would seashells be if I found them 9 ft deep 30 miles from the ocean while digging a pond in North Carolina

This is a picture of some specimens that I found while digging a pond. I'm 30 miles from the coast in Wilmington, North Carolina and dug down about nine feet past the blue clay and hit a layer of ...
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90 views

is this a soft coral on sand?

Was diving a few days ago at Jervis Bay (Australian East Coast - temperate). Water temp 20 degrees C, depth 5m. Spotted this creature in the sand. About 150mm high. It isn't sea-pen (Cnidarian) as it ...
4
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195 views

Please identify this creature found on the beach

Found on beach in Atlantic Canada in November. "Sack" is approx. 2" (approx. 5cm) in length.
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16 views

Effect of toxin-producing phytoplankton on zooplankton?

I've been searching for quite a while without really finding an answer to this question, so I decided to try it here. Some phytoplankton species produce toxins as a defense strategy. But what exactly ...
3
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0answers
89 views

Which scallops change their sex from male to female?

Tonight it occurred to me to look up what scallops are like when they are alive (beyond their culinary role) and it blew my mind. This post regards one detail about which I was unable to find specific ...
3
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46 views

Can a shark stall?

Today in marine biology I learned that, like airplanes, sharks use their pectoral fins to generate lift. The question that neither me or my Professor know is if a shark can or cannot stall. A ...
3
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1answer
265 views

How do marine mammals and penguins maintain bone density?

After much searching on Google with no results, I decided to ask my question here. If I'm not mistaken, swimmers' bone density is less than normal; at least for lifetime swimmers. Astronauts also ...
2
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0answers
54 views

What is this? I found it in tofino, Vancouver island

I'm wondering what this sea creature is that I found washed up on McKenzie beach in Tofino, Vancouver Island? It wasn't dried up or anything. I've seen hundreds before but I cant find anywhere on the ...
2
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0answers
55 views

Recognise this thing found in beach?

Kindly help me identify this thing found in beach Chennai, India . Size would be just 1.5 cm in diameter..across maximum size. It's shelled and has something inside it. It make a small noise when it ...
2
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40 views

seafood muscles - how do they work?

Today, first time in my life I ate seafood. It was a squid and a calamar. Note that I am biology layman, so please be merciful :( While dissecting my food I noticed that the tissues of those ...
2
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64 views

What is this whitish jelly incrustation on a plastic tube?

I found this plastic tube hanging in the seawater from a pier in the haven of Taranto, Ionian sea, southern Italy. I'm wondering what is the whitish jelly in the lowest part of the photo next to the ...
2
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84 views

Why do most fish move fins orthogonally with their axis of symmetry?

So recently I read the question why are most fishes vertical (in the sense of distribution of their body mass) and it got me thinking what is the reason behind the direction they move their fins. My ...
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58 views

marine animal tracking databases

Which databases you know that store data on tracking of marine animals? I am interested particularly on mammals (for which I know meop storing data on sea lions) but also on fish schools (not sure ...
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15 views

Characteristics of a giant squid’s skin

Is the skin of a giant squid/colossal squid similar to the common squid? Does it possess chromatophores to change color? Or did it lose that ability because of the depth at which it resides or due to ...
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41 views

DNA like marine animal or egg

What is the name of the marine egg or living being that is transparent like a jelly fish or a Venus girdle, with a shape like a DNA or better like a chain of infinites, long as half of a hand and ...
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32 views

Why does the colossal squid range over only the Southern Ocean?

Wikipedia's article on the colossal squid gives the distribution as in the Southern Ocean only. It makes sense for many animals found in the Antarctic to not also be found in the Artic even if the ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Edible macroalgae?

I know that kelp is edible because the concept of eating kelp is all over the interwebs. However, there is incredibly little information available online about what species of "seaweed" is edible. I ...
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42 views

Why are dolphins born tail first?

I heard most dolphins are born tail first. I have read many explanations from books and internet articles and they said that dolphins are born tail first to prevent them from drowning. But now I don'...
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27 views

Carbon Dioxide, sea water, diatoms, and oxygen

I recently viewed a documentary called “Flying River Observed in Tallest Structure in South America, National Geographic” (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HjpPsZTwsaM). In this film, as an aside, it ...
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65 views

How long could a shark breathe pepsi?

Sharks breathe seawater. Seawater isn't 100% pure water, but mostly water. Pepsi (other colas are available) isn't 100% pure water, but mostly water. How long would a shark be able to breathe if ...
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52 views

What kind of sieve does one use to extract meiofauna?

Suppose I have a core of sediment, and I want to extract the meiofauna from it, in order to study these organisms. According to the sources I could find, this involves using a very fine (e.g. 45 μm) ...
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61 views

Has a walrus ever been filmed catching a seal under water?

Walruses have been long thought to be grazing feeders, scooping up clams from the sea floor. However, when walruses bodies have been examined by scientists, frequently the remains of seals are found ...
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149 views

How do marine mammals stay hydrated?

This is a question that has always bothered me. A quick internet search yields "metabolic processes" as the reason for how marine mammals obtain water, but what are those processes and why don't land ...
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39 views

Does overfishing in one ocean hurt fishstock in another?

If there's overfishing in the Atlantic or North Sea - will this affect fish stocks in the Indian ocean? Are there papers on this? The question I'm trying to answer is whether overfishing by developed ...
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267 views

Calcium carbonate minerals in marine organisms shells

Calcium carbonate minerals exist in seawater in two main phases: calcite and aragonite. While calcite is the most stable phase, it is aragonite that precipitates first in seawater because of the high ...
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0answers
18 views

Can the calcification response of a marine organisms, at different pH conditions, be assessed by the calcium magnesium ratio?

Can the calcification response of a marine organisms, at different pH conditions, be assessed by the calcium magnesium ratio? the calcium magnesium ratio is a proxy of calcification?
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128 views

Why are brightly coloured marine animals thought not to display aposematism?

There are many brightly coloured marine animals, such as fish, corals, sea stars, and octopodes. And yet Wikipaedia says it is thought that those colours don't serve to deter predators, while they do ...
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296 views

What do sharks not like the smell of?

I was reading about the sharks strong sense of smell ( Shark senses - @EnhancedLearning.com ) and wondered if any research has been done into what they don't like the smell of? Is there any material ...
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106 views

Can immortality of the Turritopsis dohrnii be learned or adapted by other species?

I have heard that Turritopsis dohrnii is a species of jelly fish which is immortal, as it can grow old and then back to growing young. So, how is it possible? Can other species (marine and/or land) ...
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17 views

Where should one start if they want to go about identifying phytoplankton and dinoflagellates?

I'm a first year university student and I really need help on how to identify and recognize the different organisms observed in my water samples. Are there any good references/tips on how to?
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2k views

Neuston vs pleuston

I was recently reading about the wonderful chondrophores, and came across the terms "neuston" and "pleuston". According to Wikipedia, "neuston" are "the organisms that float on the top of water ... ...
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19 views

What are the most important structuring features of epipelagic habitats? How do these affect epipelagic zone animals?

The epipelagic zone is a featureless environment with no reference points. There's a lack of shelter from predators or substrate on which to rest. What other structuring features are there and how to ...
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12 views

Why aren't diatoms' shells used as a temperature proxy, but foraminifera shells are?

Changes in oceanic oxygen isotope ratios (O-18 to O-16) are reflected in the shells of ancient foraminifera. But I never hear of diatom shells being used, even though they were/are at least as ...
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35 views

Is this a living organism?

Is this thing a flower or marine plant?
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17 views

Effects of Great Pacific Garbage Patch to Phytoplankton?

I was wondering if the decrease in light received by the area comprised by the Great Pacific Garbage Patch (GPGP) could affect Phytoplankton enough to reduce its potential in that area as a carbon ...
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52 views

Is there a cellular physiological response to desiccation in animals?

There has been much research on the molecular effects of high levels of temperature for animals, specifically regarding heat shock proteins, protein denaturing and energy investment into stress ...
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458 views

Can certain jellyfish photosynthesize in the medusa stage?

Can jellyfish (at least some of them) do photosynthesis in the symbiosis with zooxanthellae in their medusa form as well? I've heard that only Cassiopea andromeda can but I wasn't able to find a ...
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39 views

Why sharks need to be on a constant move?

Sharks need to be on a constant move in order to live. I heard two explanations for that fact: Sharks have no gills cover (like bony fish have). In bony fish the gills cover opens and close ...
-1
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1answer
39 views

Can anyone help me identify the size of a mantis shrimp club?

The mantis shrimp punches with it's club to destroy its prey's shell. I found on the internet that its body size is around 4 inches. What's the size of it's club?