Questions tagged [medicine]

Medicine is the doctrine of prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases and injuries in humans and animals. Health and medicine questions are off-topic unless dealing with the biology underlying health and medicine. Please carefully explore the tour, help centre, and meta before posting health and medicine questions.

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2answers
417 views

Does avoiding medication that alleviates symptoms shorten the length of a cold?

People use over the counter (OTC) medications to relieve symptoms of the common cold. However, these symptoms are part of the immune response, right? They are driven by the body responding to the ...
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116 views

Does adenylate cyclase stimulate or inhibit acid secretion in the stomach?

I am confused about my teacher's notes. "Acid secretion is stimulated by ACh, gastrin and histamine. Histamine stimulates adenylate cyclase which increases cAMP production." When I looked this up ...
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1answer
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Does using animal models for medical research also promote veterinary research on these animal types?

I have been reading about mouse models for studying inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease and Ulverative Colitis. For example, according to this publication, a widely used mouse model ...
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49 views

Why is plasma glucose concentration not double that of whole blood?

It is known that the concentration of plasma glucose is 12% higher than that of whole blood. But since 45-50% of whole blood is red blood cells, shouldn't the plasma glucose be almost double — since ...
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1answer
37 views

Finding out the best concentration for my plant extract to be used as drug for diabetes

I am using plant extract of Ajuga parviflora and found out that it possess anti-diabetic properties by using alpha-amylase inhibitory assay. I used various concentration 250 µg/ml(29% inhibiton of ...
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2answers
129 views

Is the glomerular filtration rate, per kidney or for both?

We say in a healthy human being the average glomerular filtration rate is about 120 mL/min. Is that for both kidneys together (60+60), or just one kidney? Pardon me if this makes me sound like an ...
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169 views

Is hydrothorax considered as edema?

In _Robbins Basic Pathology 9th ed., edema is defined as [E]dema is an accumulation of interstitial fluid within tissues. Extravascular fluid can also collect in body cavities such as the ...
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1answer
129 views

Why warfarin is given as racemic mixture?

Warfarin is administered as a racemic mixture of S- and R- warfarin. S- warfarin is 3 to 5 times more potent than R- warfarin. So, what's the logic behind giving a mixture of it? Isn't administration ...
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35 views

What exactly causes SSRIs, SNRIs, and tricyclics to induce akathisia?

Such as too high neurotransmitter levels (serotonin/dopamine/other) or the method of drug delivery or some other reason? Please keep in mind I know very little about this subject, I apologize for the ...
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2answers
691 views

Why does the rabies virus have such a long incubation period?

So there was a case in India, where a man developed rabies 25 yrs after the dog bite. Source: https://www.google.co.in/amp/s/m.timesofindia.com/city/goa/25-yrs-after-dog-bite-man-gets-dies-of-rabies/...
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37 views

Is swimming pool water actually a weak topical medication?

I was inspired by this question. Given that the chlorine levels in swimming pool water are so high that they can seriously harm amphibians, it seems logical that the water should also kill various ...
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1answer
88 views

Why are vaccines a successful treatment of allergy?

As I understand the answer to Allergic rhinitis vaccine, the vaccine facilitates immune response against the antigen. Given that allergy is an overreaction of the immune system against harmless ...
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1answer
929 views

How harmful is aluminium?

I have been taught in school that aluminium is harmful for brain. Thus sour meals should not be cooked in aluminium pots and it is unhealthy to add lemon juice to tea while there is teabag in the cup, ...
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1answer
37 views

What is the mechanism behind sympathic effusion of serous cavities due to nearby abscess?

Patient with left perinephric abcess which does not ruptured have reduced breath sound that is mostly due to plural effusion revealed by CT scan which was sterile. I found this called sympathetic ...
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1answer
151 views

How might IV-saline cause kidney damage that seems to be less likely with “balanced fluids” IVs instead?

The ABC News article What's in the IV bag? Studies show safer option than saline includes: Saline — salt dissolved in water — has been the most widely used fluid in the U.S. for more than a century ...
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2answers
123 views

Why is full cell/high antigen dose pertussis vaccine dangerous for adults?

I do remember that I have read (or heard) somewhere that as a human is older, the whole cell vaccine (and high antigen dose one) has more and more adverse effects. As it is consistent with the target ...
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1answer
55 views

Could Cannabidiol steady a hand? [closed]

Can Cannabidiol be used to steady shaky or nervous hand for precision work like surgery? I have used it for shooting pool/billiards and I'm not sure if it is a placebo or it is helping? but I am ...
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32 views

What are some good examples of open-source articles in which the synergy of two medicines is demonstrated?

I am doing research on Stochastic Cooperative Game Theory (a subfield in mathematics), which I will henceforth call SCGT for convenience. In this theory, entities can work together to receive a bigger ...
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1answer
85 views

Rabies virus mortality [duplicate]

Why rabies virus has nearly 100% fatality rate in human (see this virology blog; thanks to @iayork for the link) if not vaccinated early, even some people have survived Ebola, then why does rabies doe ...
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4answers
5k views

Why have a placebo control group when testing a new drug if existing drugs can be used?

It is general practice to compare a new treatment against a sham treatment (placebo), and then use those results to compare efficacy of the new treatment (call it B) to an existing treatment (call it ...
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1answer
37 views

Genetics… Translocation

Can a Translocation of chromosomal parts occur between an autosome and an allosome? If it occurs in between allosomes,what could be the effect of Robertsonian Translocation between an X and a Y ...
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0answers
12 views

Embolism risk in cancer [closed]

Why is there an increased risk of embolism in any malignancy? I studied that malignancy is a risk factor for pulmonary embolism. Can someone explain me the exact mechanism under which malignancy ...
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1answer
2k views

Why cornstarch for athlete's feet?

It seems like a lot of foot (anti-odor or antifungal) powders are often based off of cornstarch (i.e., as the primary filler). But wouldn't cornstarch (which, in some places, is also a common food ...
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1answer
177 views

What happens if you intake pure magnesium? [closed]

We know that body needs a certain amount of magnesium. Why are magnesium supplements in the form of magnesium oxide, magnesium citrate, etc?
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0answers
264 views

Why do erythrocytes have no MHC1 but platelets do?

Red blood cells do not have a considerable number of MHC1 through their membranes, and that's explained by them not having a nucleus. But why do platelets have MHC1s if they have no nucleus either? I ...
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176 views

How medical studies induce cancer in lab animals?

To test the effectiveness of drugs, they are typically tested on animals. How cancer is induced in lab animals to test the effectiveness of cancer drugs?
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117 views

Can you “fight” a coma or serious illness?

In an article about the latest earthquake to strike Mexico, I read that a rescuer said to someone in a gurney, "Fight for your life, please!" I've seen similar things in TV shows and movies where a ...
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1k views

How fast can the human body temperature change?

I'm really curious about how fast can a human body temperature change? E.g. how fast can the human body temperature change when the human has fever? I'm not interested in how fast fever changes the ...
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22 views

Using Transduction to reverse Antibiotic Resistance?

Is it possible to use reverse transduction to reverse antibiotic resistance. Since antibitiotic resistance is causee by transduction of the F factor, is it possible to induce a F+ non antibiotic ...
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1answer
144 views

How does adjuvant enhance the immunogenicity of antigen? [closed]

My question is, How does adjuvant enhance immunogenicity of antigen? I just want to know deeply about it , Any suggestions will be helpful!
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0answers
1k views

What are those brown scars in the eyes? [closed]

I have recently realised that one of my friends had brown scars or marks inside his eyes. He says that he doesn't know what they are and has been there since young. What could this possibly be ? Are ...
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0answers
75 views

Placebo effect and why they work [closed]

I'm just wondering how the placebo effect works on people. If a patient is given fake drugs , how does that make him better? So what if they feel more "assured", how would that help the body immunity (...
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4answers
864 views

Why does an increased heart rate mean increased blood pressure?

Say a person starts exercising. If their cardiac volume remains the same but their heart rate increases so that the overall result is an increase in cardiac output, will their blood pressure increase ...
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0answers
328 views

How does Reissner's membrane rupture cause Ménière's disease symptoms?

In Ménière's disease, an ednolymphatic hydrops (EH) in scala media leads to a distention and, eventually, rupture of Reissner's membrane. This results in an influx of K+-rich endolymph into the Na+-...
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80 views

Which organs can be donated after clinical death?

The information I found about organ donation does not address clinical death. For example: The process of donation takes place only after physicians declare a person brain dead [...] cessation of ...
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0answers
20 views

Trying to make a homogeneous phantom

I am making a T1 weighted phantom for an MRI project. It consists of distilled boiling water, 7g/L agar, 10g/L NaCl and 1g/L CuS04. As the phantom cools it will get a jelly like texture. What I would ...
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0answers
154 views

Familial Hypercholesterolemia

Why does Familial Hypercholesterolemia shows autosomal dominant pattern? Let us take that there is mutation in LDL receptor gene, it is said that: The LDL receptor gene is located on the short arm ...
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1answer
4k views

How does the immune system fight scabies mites?

After a distressing episode involving my elderly mother and a nursing home, I've been reading up on scabies. It seems that in healthy people, the immune system limits the mite population to around 10 ...
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1answer
502 views

Why is methanol poisonous?

What should we do when someone is diagnosed with the methanol poisoning What harm does methanol cause on our body, such as the harm to some proteins? What first-aid measures should we take?
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3answers
103 views

Global database for patients with rare and important injuries or disease?

I was recently reading Christof Koch's The Quest for Consciousness, and several times he mentioned how important some patients with sad and terrible brain injuries were for the understanding of the ...
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4answers
4k views

What are the consequences of inbreeding?

Inbreeding increases the risk of getting two identical recessive genes, alleles, that cause a disease which wouldn't have been activated with mixed genes. That's how I understand it anyway. But I ...
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1answer
48 views

How can I list genes present on a given series of bands?

My question is related to this one. My interest relate to this deletion: del(7)(q11q36)[12] as defined by ISCN. I would like to access a list of the genes found on the bands 11 to 36 of the 7th ...
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1answer
268 views

Understanding a Chromosomal formula in a karytope analysis

I am reading a medical reporting results of a karyotype analysis. On it it is written: Chromosomal formula 46,XX,del(7)(q11q36)[12]/46,XX[13] I understand that ...
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1answer
2k views

Why is western blotting used to confirm positive ELISA HIV tests?

I know that when an ELISA test indicates a positive result for HIV, a western blot is done to confirm. When I search online for the reason why, all that I see is that western blotting is "more ...
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0answers
38 views

Biomedical consensus on human aging and lifespan [closed]

Medical technology is improving quickly. Unless there is a global disaster and human progress is set back significantly, e.g. by an asteroid or a global nuclear war, there will come a day when humans ...
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0answers
38 views

Can improper/inadequate exhalation in humans trigger migraines? [closed]

Is there any relation between one's breathing pattern and occurrence of headaches? How does inadequate exhalation affect humans?
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2answers
163 views

Why do doctors use a new thread for each stitch?

Why do doctors use a new thread of the same kind for each stitch instead of using a single thread for the entire stitch?
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0answers
311 views

Do animals get “unhealthily” fat in the wild?

Looking at a picture of a seriously fat cat, apparently directly nurtured by humans, popping up in a language learning app, I started wondering: do animals "in the wild" (this might be ambiguous, but ...
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3answers
4k views

Why is insulin given in type 2 diabetes?

For this reason "insulin insensitivity", or a decrease in insulin receptor signaling, leads to diabetes mellitus type 2 – the cells are unable to take up glucose, and the result is hyperglycemia (an ...
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1answer
216 views

Is it possible to synthesize chiral version of an organism (incompatible with our pathogens)?

In theory, it should be possible to synthesize chiral (mirror image) version of some organism: with all molecules replaced with their enantiomers, e.g. L-sugars in place of our D-sugars. Direct ...