Questions tagged [microbiology]

Microbiology is the study of extremely small organisms. This includes organisms like bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and viruses.

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Why do bulls-eye rashes look like they do?

People infected with Lyme Disease often present with an erythema migrans ("migrating redness") rash. Most often, these rashes are in the shape of a bulls-eye. Rash image. Presumably, this is a ...
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Are olfactive indicators always the result of inadequacy in sanitation?

Scope It goes without saying that our sense of smell is commonly used in helping identify undesirables in day-to-day life, and as such it's understandable to correlate certain smells to hygiene ...
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Why do so many parasites infect definitive and intermediate hosts rather than just one host?

Many parasites infect multiple host species, with one host species being the definitive host (where the parasite reproduces), and the other host species being the intermediate host (where the parasite ...
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Is it unusual for populations of archaea to be found living inside trees?

The NPR News article and podcast Getting Fire From A Tree Without Burning The Wood begins with A scientist walks up to a cottonwood tree, sticks a hollow tube in the middle and then takes a lighter ...
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How protozoa spawns in newly formed ponds?

How big protozoa like Paramecium caudatum, Amoeba proteus, Euglena viridis etc. appear in newly created ponds of water? Suppose there was rain, and pond was formed. Or earth, dead leaves, live leaves ...
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How could pharmaceutical metabolizing bacteria be used to synthesize them?

Lets say I have a pharmaceutical "P". It can be broken down by enzymes of one strain of bacteria into two molecules one of which can be further metabolized enzymatically by a different strain of ...
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Does a microwave oven disinfect food?

Imagine I am preparing food -- just about to put it into a microwave oven -- and some of it falls on the floor. Assuming it got some bacteria or other organisms (viruses?) on it, will the microwave ...
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25 views

Can you increase the microbiota in an insect?

I know you can suppress the microbiota of an insect with antibiotics, but I´m am looking for a way to increase it. For example, can I feed an insect with something that helps boost the bacteria like ...
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Can a pathogen be totally resistant to the human immune system?

Can a pathogenic organism be totally resistant to the human immune system? For the purpose of this question, the organism in question must cause a disease. Examples of organisms that would qualify as ...
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Salt Bridge for Microbial Fuel Cell: Full or Partly Full?

I'm making a microbial fuel cell out of benthic mud and salt water in containers. My salt bridge will be made of agar and table salt solidified in PVC pipes. Does the salt bridge connecting the anode (...
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Inoculation vs. vaccination

Is there any actual difference between inoculation and vaccination or are these terms interchangeable? In case the difference exists, would it be correct to say that inoculation is purposefully ...
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What strain of Arthrospira (Spirulina) is this?

Can anyone help me to identify this strain of Arthrospira (Spirulina)
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Freezing my dry encapsulated probiotics

Will my dry probiotics in capsules die if I freeze them for a long period of time?, even over a year. I'm talking about the regular capsules of probiotics that are purchased in little bottles to take ...
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Methods to degrade Bacillus thuringiensis cell wall

I'm looking for cell lysis methods for Bacillus thuringiensis in order to extract a protein. I considered using enzymes to degrade the cell wall, but itt seems that some well-known wall-degrading ...
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128 views

Killing microorganisms on agar plates?

If I grow microorganisms on agar plates and I expose them to UV light. How exactly will I know that the microorganisms have been killed? I was watching a video that showed spots in the petri dish ...
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Found this moving inside S. cerevisiae, can someone tell me what is this?

This is my first post here. I found this in a microbiology practice and my teacher had no idea. S. cerevisiae dyed with methylene blue. Is the one in the middle; you can see a small thing moving ...
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How is Pseudomonas aeruginosa diagnosed?

I know that P. aeruginosa is cultured on an agar plate, but which media or assays make it distinct from other Gram-negative bacteria?
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what are best methods for mrsa screening in hospital?

methods for screening MRSA are based on PCR (mecA detection) and MRSA latex test and culture. I need to know sensitive, specific and cost-effective methods for diagnosis MRSA infection on one work day ...
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Why are fungi and algae microbes?

Both fungi and algae have very small cells but so do most animals. Yet both of them are visible to naked eye just like other organisms. Why do we call them as microorganisms then ?
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Serological assays measuring antibody response

Given that an appropriate immune response to a bacteria may be thwarted in an individual, including not producing all of the antibodies which are known to occur in people who have been infected, or ...
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What concentration of hydrogen peroxide kills mold?

There are numerous articles online which claim that household 3% hydrogen peroxide can kill mold growing on household surfaces, yet I haven't managed to find scientific studies that show that. My ...
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How do I homogenise a small pellet of 10 to 50 cells within less than 50 µL?

I have a problem with declumping/ homogenising bacterial cells in small volumes (10 to 50 µL). I know that I can get all of my cells out of the tube, but they are still stuck together and won't form ...
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Can different Chromobactierum strains have completley different colony morphology?

In the analysis of an unknown bacterial broth I observed a gram negative rod genus. Upon plating I observed small, dark purple and convex colonies; corresponding presumably to Chromobactierum. After ...
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Pits, symplastic or apoplastic pathway?

After water has moved through the endodermis through the Casparian Strip, water continues to move down the water potential gradient into the xylem vessels through the pits, is movement through the ...
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DNA replication in $ E.coli $

$ E.coli $ has circular DNA which I guess implies one strand forms the outer circle and the other the inner one. So, is there a way to know if the replicated DNA forms the outer or inner circle? In ...
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Does DHA increase the effects of clarithromycin?

I've read on this publication that every drug that induces CYP3A can reduce the effectiveness of clarithromycin. Clarithromycin inhibits CYP3A. But it does not say anything about the opposite ...
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Does turbidometeric method count cell number or cell mass?

Here it says that scattering is inversely proportional to cell number but also says that we can observe greater absorbance as cell number increases. So does turbidometeric method work on cell mass ...
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Virulence Factors of Francisella tularensis

After completing research on the virulence factors of Francisella tularensis, I was wondering about a few specific structures/toxin and whether these are virulence factors of Francisella tularensis or ...
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186 views

Inoculating agar plates with microbes suspended in sterilised water?

We were having a problem with our experiment (culturing microbes on homemade nutri agar) so we decided to change our set-up. It already cost us quite some money. So, we saw this procedure. Can anyone ...
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162 views

What are the differences among food poisoning, gastroenetritis and diarrhoea?

I have now studied a major chunk of my microbiology course without understanding the basic difference between the three. The terminologies seem to be confusing. Is it a necessity for food poisoning to ...
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Action of tetracycline on 30s ribosomal subunits

My question concerns the mode of action of 30s ribosomal antibiotc inhibitors — tetracyclines. According to some online resources, the antibiotics enter the A-site, which prevents other tRNA from ...
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Could a strong magnet field repel the body before damaging it?

Could a magnetic field be strong enough to damage the body or erase the brain? Blood is slightly diamagnetic, so if the field was strong enough, could it repel a body evenly? Could a diamagnetic ...
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Can i grow bacteria on potato dextrose agar?

I was wondering if potato dextrose agar was a suitable environment for bacteria. Does it have all the requirements bacteria need or is it limited? Specifically: Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus,...
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Is an uninoculated control (slant) catalase positive or negative?

The catalase test is a laboratory test utilized in identifying organisms which produce the enzyme catalase. Is an uninoculated control (slant test only) catalase positive or negative? I am assuming ...
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fimbriae under AFM

Can any one,please, recommend a protocol for watching bacteria with fimbriae under atomic force microscope? I have tried a lot but always there were no fimbriae i don't know why.
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Relation between OD with different microbial growth [closed]

Equal volumes of cell suspensions of Escherichia coli, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Streptococcus lactis and Mycoplasma pneumoniae, all have the same OD600nm = 0.50. Which cell suspension would have the ...
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In my DNA sequence for one sampling site there're W's; Y's; R's and K's?

I also just experienced the same thing with my DNA sequences, there are w's, Y', R', s' and k'. This is the very first time I've seen this. I am used to N but not these ones. Please kindly assist with ...
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when you are to non-culturally detect the presence of E. coli in the soil from a cow pasture?

You are to non-culturally detect the presence of E. coli in the soil from a cow pasture. You do this by extracting the total DNA from a sample of the soil and PCR amplifying with E. coli-specific ...
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221 views

Organisms in food deposits

I have just discovered that my kitchen sink pipe has been leaking for quite some time (possibly months) which has resulted in water and food deposits collecting in my cupboard. I smeared some of the ...
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Is there a consensus on the best Machine Learning model for Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) prediction?

Prediction of bacterial resistance/susceptibility to antimicrobials (from genotypic data) using Machine Learning methods is a problem that has started receiving interest in recent years. The ...
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Which is the reference 16S rRNA?

Recently, I've stumbled upon a fact, which hasn't bothered me for many years. The fact is that all universal 16S primers are written as "[FR][0-9]+" (in regex notation), that is they have a position ...
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For how long would a flu-contaminated parcel be an effective disease vector?

A parcel has been delivered and contaminated by a person who has the flu. For how long would the parcel be an effective disease vector?
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Why do yeast ferment Equal sweetener

I had my students conduct a fermentation experiment manipulating sugar amounts (number of sugar packets in solution) and measuring CO₂ production via capture in a balloon and measuring circumference (...
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1answer
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If a bacterium had a protein on its surface that humans also have, would it cause an autoimmune disease?

Suppose that a bacterium happened to have a protein on its surface. This protein can also be found in the human body. If this bacterium were to then infect a human with an otherwise normal immune ...
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2answers
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Odds of finding superbug in soil?

There are tons of soil, rock, etc. being dug up, dug into, and moved all around the world each day. Paleontologists likewise regularly excavate fossils and both buried and frozen specimens, and ...
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Term of the type xxx-troph for a compound not used by an organism

A prototroph for compound X can make it A bradytroph grows faster if X is scavenged An auxotroph needs to scavenge X A hyperauxotroph lacks both the biosynthetic pathway and the transporters for X ...
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2answers
119 views

Storage of bacteria

Why are strains of bacteria stored when they are inactive (frozen)? What is the problem with storing growing cultures for long periods?
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276 views

Comparison between Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) to Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)

Can someone state the advantages of Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) over Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and vice versa?
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Operon Repressors and activators

I know that the repressor when it binds to inducer it cannot bind to the operator and transcription goes on. As for the activator, it is made either active or inactive based on the environment and ...
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1answer
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Is it possible to identify this microscopic particle?

So I was playing amateur scientist with my 11 year old. This photograph is from rainwater in a bird-feeding bowl in south England, at 300x. It looks biological, but I have no idea what this is. Is ...