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Questions tagged [organelle]

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How is it possible for a cell to have hundreds or thousands of microtubules?

A centriole has only 9 sets of 3 microtubules thus giving 27 microtubules per centriole, or 54 microtubules per centrosome. The maximum number of microtubules in a cell due to centrosomes will thus be ...
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Univocal identifying of a plant cell

We yesterday got our biology-exams back and there's one exercise where I don't agree with my teacher. However, since he is the expert and not me, I need the support of external sources, i.e. experts ...
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Are there any viruses that integrate their DNA into organellar DNA?

It is known that many viruses (e.g. retroviridae) integrate in the nuclear genome of their host as part of their cycle. However, I'd like to know if integration can happen in organellar DNA (cpDNA and ...
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Seeing essential vacuole-oils with microscope

Background As an experiment of chemistry we will distille organic volatile compounds with water vapor distillation. The vegetal (clove) is on the image below. Question As this compounds are stored ...
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Is this sentence about RER correct on Wikipedia?

While studying about Endoplasmic Reticulum on Wikipedia, I came across this sentence A ribosome only binds to the RER once a specific protein-nucleic acid complex forms in the cytosol. This special ...
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Why is the rough ER necessary to make extracellular proteins? [closed]

It is my current understanding that free ribosomes synthesise proteins to be used inside the cell, and the rough endoplasmic reticulum is necessary to make proteins that are to be secreted by the cell....
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Why is the outer circle of human mitochondrial DNA ‘heavy’, whereas the inner circle is ‘light’?

Why is the outer circle of human mitochondrial DNA "heavy" whereas the inner circle is "light"?
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How do plant cell vacuoles form?

Does the plant cell vacuole form by the invagination of the cell membrane?
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Do Archaea have membrane-bound organelles?

From Campbell Ch. 6 Intro to the Cell, Which of the following statements concerning bacteria and archaea cells is correct? A) Archaea cells contain small membrane-enclosed organelles; bacteria do ...
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Which two organelles absorb acid? [closed]

I stain an unknown acid with purple dye. Later, you find the cell in two organelles. What are they? I am guessing that one of them is lysosomes, because they break down unwanted elements. What would ...
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Which organelle is the easiest to see in a cell? [closed]

I was asked a question in class: "Which organelles are easiest to see in any cells while using a microscope?" This seems a little bit like a trick question, and since I'm not an expert in cellular ...
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Why is it said that bacteria have no membrane-bound organelles, when they often have one or more flagella?

Why is it said that bacteria have no membrane-bound organelles, when they often have one or more flagella? https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3386205/ "Cilia and flagella .. are membrane-...
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Why do ribosomes associate with rough endoplasmic reticulum but not other membranes?

As far as I am aware, all eukaryotic membranes consist of a lipid bilayer. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and rough ER are distinguished by the presence of ribosome on the rough ER surface, but are ...
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How does the peptidoglycan layer of a bacterial cell wall help prevent osmotic lysis? [duplicate]

I recently read that penicillin works by damaging the peptidoglycan layers of a bacterial cell wall causing osmotic lysis, which is when the bacteria cell bursts due to osmotic pressure. I just ...