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Questions tagged [plant-anatomy]

The study of the form and internal structures of plants.

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Pits, symplastic or apoplastic pathway?

After water has moved through the endodermis through the Casparian Strip, water continues to move down the water potential gradient into the xylem vessels through the pits, is movement through the ...
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1answer
40 views

What kind of house plant is this?

This is a house plant I have that I love but I don’t know what it’s called. I’d love to research it and even buy more but it’s name is a mystery. Picture taken in Ontario, Canada.
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How long can cytoplasmic streaming be in an isolated leaf?

Here is an interesting video demonstrating the effect of cytoplasmic streaming: cytoplasmic_streaming of a leaf We see the leaf has been isolated from its original body. I wonder how long can this ...
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Near-zero water loss in a closed hydroponics system?

I know there are a lot of factors that would impact this... Plant type. Plant neediness (i.e., even sibling plants will possess different needs, defects, etc). Automation efficiency. Water & ...
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1answer
96 views

Difference between vacuolar and symplast pathway [closed]

what is the difference between Vacuolar Pathway and Symplast Pathway ? Is the symplast pathway does not take into account the vacuole to vacuole movement?
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What is the difference between pits and perforations in xylem?

What is the difference between pits and perforations in tracheids and vessel elements? Based on the diagram in this website, are they both simply holes? If so aren't pits and perforations (or pores) ...
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solute potential of guard cells in stomata increases with glucose but not with starch

In sugar starch theory and potassium ion inflow theory the solute or osmotic potential increases with glucose, in guard cells but not with starch why? The same case is with malic acid i-e the solute ...
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How does salt content affect flowering of halophyte?

My teacher told me that one adaptation of halophyte is that they flower at specific time e.g. rainy season to reduce salt exposure (as salt content affects flowering of plant thus affect the ...
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1answer
84 views

How to tell petiole apart from stem?

How to tell petiole apart from stem? Is it by the rule that there is usually a pair of stipules at the base of a petiole?
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1answer
236 views

How do plants take in only carbon dioxide?

There are only 400 molecules of CO2 in 1 million molecules of air. How do plants only take in CO2 but not the other gases? My teacher told me that's because there is less concentration of CO2 in ...
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1answer
237 views

Is pith a ground tissue with no specialized function?

Here is a question from the book My Max Score SAT Biology E/M Subject Test (where the SAT is the exam taken by American high school students): Ground tissue with no specialized function A. Xylem ...
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1answer
42 views

Do plants experience the following feelings

I am not a student of biology,in other words I have not read biology much. But I read that plants have life and so my question is the following: Suppose I take two saplings of two different ...
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Why plant tissues end in -enchyma?

Many plant tissue types end in the affix -enchyma. Etymology: enkhyma "infusion," from en- "in" + khein "to pour" Examples are parenchyma, collenchyma, and sclerenchyma (meaning "to pour beside," ...
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Why does the iron content differ in different species on seeds?

Iron can be affected by pH of the soil but why does each species actually have a different iron content. What causes it? What genes cause it?
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1answer
130 views

What is this Las Vegas area weed?

This is a picture I took of my mystery weed out by Pittman wash in Henderson NV earlier this year. From my experience this last year, I assume that the plant turns red later in the year and loses the ...
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1answer
86 views

What's going on when roots turn green and grow into the air?

You're looking at a hibiscus and an orchid growing in the same pot. I'm curious why the hibiscus started growing green roots into the air. Or am I looking at a third plant that somehow made its way ...
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1answer
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What are the roundish objects in this sketch of a tracheid?

I got this picture from the Wikipedia entry for Tracheid. What are the roundish objects in the sketch? Also are tracheids sclerenchyma cells?
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1answer
45 views

Why do plant leaves turn yellow?

Why do plant leaves turn yellow if they don't get enough water or get too much water? I want to know the process. I've been searching in Google for an explanation, but none of the sites did. Please ...
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2answers
85 views

Distribution of the number of clover leaves

Being no expert at all in this field I am just interested in emprical studies of the frequency $f(n)$ of clover plants with a given number $n$ of leaves. I would suspect naively from general ...
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0answers
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Mint twisted like a spiral

My friend has a mint plant with a spiral-shaped stem, and the leaves are positioned like this: Why could such deformation happen? Other mint plants, growing in the same pot, are normal.
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0answers
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Why roots have radial vascular bundles while stems have conjoint?

Why not the whole plant has the same arrangement of vascular bundle, why there is a difference of arrangement in roots and stems (radial in root and conjoint in stem) , what is the purpose of this ...
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3answers
581 views

Why is it that guttation is most commonly observed in the morning?

Knowing that guttation occurs through a plant's hydathodes due to root pressure forcing liquid water out of the leaves, I am curious as to why so many small drops of water are observable on plants in ...
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1answer
421 views

Xylem in the centre of the root

I want to ask a question about xylem in the centre of the root. I am reading a book about transport in plants, and it reads this regarding the root structure: Roots are subjected to vertical ...
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1answer
35 views

How exactly is the wood fossil process?

I would like to know in deep how exactly is the wood fossilisation process. I am fascinated how after millions of years the fossil wood preserves its microscopic characteristics. Look at this cross ...
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1answer
70 views

How do plants grow year after year even though they die?

How do plants grow, die, and then grow again? For instance, when my plants die during the winter, how do they grow again next year? Does it have something to do with the root system? Or do they even ...
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1answer
72 views

Strange Exoskeleton Found in Maine: What is It?

There is a gall like object or exoskeleton attached to a plant stem I have found. At first I thought it was a cicada but it is not. The object cannot be identified by me. Attached are some pictures of ...
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1answer
83 views

What are the names of these plants?

I found these plants in my backyard in South Florida. What are they?
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2answers
61 views

Are agave plants perennial?

If I were to harvest an agave plant for its nectar, would it kill the plant? I have watched videos of the process and it seems quite invasive.
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1answer
89 views

Vine To Tree Root Grafting

I am experimenting with grafting multiple heartleaf philodendrons(philodendron cordatum) to the root of an oak tree(quercus). If the grafting is successful, the next step is to cut the root from the ...
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0answers
27 views

What is a 1-flowered raceme?

PlantNET describes the inflorescences of Daviesia acicularis as: Racemes reduced to 1 flower How is a 1-flowered raceme different from a single flower?
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1answer
430 views

What's the difference between a simple and 1-foliolate (unifoliolate) leaf?

How is a 1-foliolate leaf (e.g., Hardenbergia) different from a simple leaf?
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2answers
128 views

Is the xylem like a tissue paper?

I am a 5th grader learning about the plant transport mechanics and I learnt that the xylem is made up of dead cells.So if water travels up the xylem and water travels only 1 way, is it like how water ...
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1answer
970 views

Are mesophyll cells the same as parenchyma cells?

I read in my biology textbook that ground tissue is constituted by parenchyma, collenchyma and sclerenchyma.It was also mentioned that, in leaves the ground tissue was made up of thin walled ...
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1answer
1k views

What are pit fields?

I found this statement from my biology text book, "The sieve tube elements and the companion cells are connected by pit fields present between the common longitudinal walls". Is the pit field same ...
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1answer
376 views

How do trees grow?

A nail is inserted into a tree's trunk at a young stage of its development. At which height will we find the nail after some years? Will it be found higher or at the same height(What extent of ...
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1answer
497 views

Is it possible to graft plants from different families?

For example, I have some Eastern Hemlock rootstock (Pinaceae), and want to graft a scion from Dawn Redwood (Cupressaceae) onto it. Is this possible? Is anything like this possible?
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0answers
157 views

Does the Histogen Theory apply to plant roots as well as stems?

My school textbook briefly mentions a certain "Histogen Theory" (von Hanstein) of plant growth/development. However, I can't find any authoritative source on this matter online. According to my book, ...
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1answer
42 views

Why are newly grown leaves red?

After a period of heavy rain, several trees in my garden will put out an impressive burst of new leaves, with an incredible vibrant red colour, almost the colour of port wine. The new leaves will then ...
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4answers
1k views

Stomata during night (respiration)

How does carbon dioxide from respiration diffuse out of the leaf during the night? Do stomata close completely during night?
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1answer
1k views

How to correctly preserve organic matter with ethylene and polyethylene glycol?

I am trying to preserve and dye flowers, especially roses. Let me walk you through the process I am trying to optimize: 1) Soaking flowers in 96%-ethanol for a day to dehydrate them. This step ...
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1answer
536 views

Genotype result of double fertilization

So, clearly, the endosperm would be a fusion of the polar nuclei and one male gamete. Does this mean that each male gamete would have a T allele on it? I can't seem to figure out a way to predict ...
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2answers
210 views

Why are the no bioluminescent plants?

There are bioluminescent creatures and some fungi too. As far as I can see there are no bioluminescent plants. Why is this? I imagine it would make a good attraction for night pollinators, or even ...
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1answer
67 views

plant crossing for creating breeding population

I read some material about plant breeding. For a self-incompatible plant with high heterozygosity, it said that after selecting the plant population based on phenotype/desired trait, a cross was done ...
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1answer
1k views

Negative Phototropism In Plants

Why does the root of a plant go away from the sun? The shoot goes towards the sun, why does the root go away from it?
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0answers
62 views

What attaches plant cells to the cell wall?

In animal cells integrins span the plasma membrane and attach the cell membrane to the extracellular matrix. I was wondering how are plant cells attached to the cell wall? Is it just the middle ...
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0answers
712 views

Location of male and female reproductive organs in fern (prothallus)

I can't seem to find an authoritative answer to this anywhere else online. Basically, my school text-book says the antheridium (male organ) is located on the lower surface of the fern prothallus and ...
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0answers
159 views

What predates on cactus in the Atacama desert?

Introduction Last week, I was in the Atacama desert where I've seen many cacti. Some / many of them were seemingly suffering from predation. Most of predation seemed to be on cardón, often restricted ...
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84 views

How exactly does a plant know where water and light are?

I actually researched on this, but nothing was found regarding this. The only thing I found is that auxins grow on the farthest side causing it to elongate. Yes, but how exactly do the plants know ...
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1answer
1k views

Why will happen if plant phloem does not contain sieve plates?

What are the primary functions of the sieve plates that make them so crucial? I've done a bit of reading online and found "Sieve plates are perforated end walls separating the component cells (sieve ...
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1answer
96 views

What is this growth on a Rosa rugosa stem?

I saw many of these on my big old Rosa rugosa bush yesterday. What are they?