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Questions tagged [plant-physiology]

Study of the normal functioning of plants and plant cells

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How many nutrients do trees process daily?

Is this tree fact below that I have found on social media sites true? I don't know the source of the quote. It's pretty amazing. I'll be glad if someone can provide the source too! Natural Wonders ...
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Pits, symplastic or apoplastic pathway?

After water has moved through the endodermis through the Casparian Strip, water continues to move down the water potential gradient into the xylem vessels through the pits, is movement through the ...
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44 views

What kind of house plant is this?

This is a house plant I have that I love but I don’t know what it’s called. I’d love to research it and even buy more but it’s name is a mystery. Picture taken in Ontario, Canada.
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Living potato clock

Could a potato stay alive and power a clock while growing in the ground? Side question: How much power could come from one potato?
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In biological nitrogen fixation, the electrons required to reduce dinitrogen to ammonia are provided by which compound? [closed]

The reaction is as follows: N2 + 16ATP + 8e- + 8H+ → 2NH3 + H2 + 16ADP + 16Pi From where are the 8 electrons coming from? We know that in photosynthesis, the electrons are supplied by the oxidation ...
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What happens with the prothallus after fertilization?

The prothallus is the small gamethophyte stage in pteridophytes. What happens with it after the fertilization and growth of the sporophyte? It stay attached to the sporophyte? It degenerates?
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Reasoning for Stomatal Distribution Between Monocot and Dicot

When you compare the stomatal arrangement of bean and corn plants under a microscope, you notice that the corn's stomata arrangement is much more organized and linear then the beans. I am wondering ...
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How long can cytoplasmic streaming be in an isolated leaf?

Here is an interesting video demonstrating the effect of cytoplasmic streaming: cytoplasmic_streaming of a leaf We see the leaf has been isolated from its original body. I wonder how long can this ...
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Near-zero water loss in a closed hydroponics system?

I know there are a lot of factors that would impact this... Plant type. Plant neediness (i.e., even sibling plants will possess different needs, defects, etc). Automation efficiency. Water & ...
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How does Liebig's law affect the growth of specific characteristics on a plant

I am familiar with the law of minimum, that is that the growth of the plant is dependent on the least available nutrient/resource. I visited a farm in which they purposefully shaded tabaco plants to ...
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43 views

Effects of tobacco smoke on plant health

We know that tobacco smoking is associated with a wide range of negative health effects in humans, which holds for active smoking, second hand smoking and probably even third hand smoking. What are ...
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18 views

What genes in a plant determine whether a stem is erect or climbing?

I was randomly reading this Wiki article on Jasmine and this question crossed my mind after reading the following lines: Jasmine can be either deciduous (leaves falling in autumn) or evergreen (...
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What is the electric field strength of microalgae?

Question: What is the electric field strength of microalgae? Background: So I have been having some problems with fungi contaminating my chromera velia algae cell cultures. I haven't determined what ...
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181 views

Regulation of LBD33 genes Arabidopsis. If LBD 33 gene is up-regulated by auxin then why does expression decrease when increasing auxin concentration?

I have a question regarding the regulation of lateral boundary domain genes in Arabidopsis (specifically LBD33). I am an undergraduate student trying to understand the results of a lab where I measure ...
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68 views

What makes the flowers glow?

I had learnt in a plant biology course that, all the flowers are actually originating from leaves, with several mutations. I wonder what makes a flower sparkly like this. Photos belong to a ...
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2answers
120 views

Why does the seed of the coconut tree have a liquid in it?

What is the purpose of water in the coconut seed? The reason I ask this is that I was reading about coconut water and all the benefits it has for us Humans. But why does the tree put a liquid in the ...
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Biological Nitrogen Fixation

I just studied Biological Nitrogen Fixation and saw it's reaction but i do not understand why there is 8 electrons and 8 protons are involved and Hydrogen molecule is formed side by side along with ...
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plant uptake of large molecules

I have read several studies concluding that plants can indeed take up molecules with a molecular weight largar than 390 g/mol. Does this mean plants do also take up large molecules like hormones if ...
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1answer
126 views

Difference between vacuolar and symplast pathway [closed]

what is the difference between Vacuolar Pathway and Symplast Pathway ? Is the symplast pathway does not take into account the vacuole to vacuole movement?
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solute potential of guard cells in stomata increases with glucose but not with starch

In sugar starch theory and potassium ion inflow theory the solute or osmotic potential increases with glucose, in guard cells but not with starch why? The same case is with malic acid i-e the solute ...
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1answer
59 views

Why was cotton chosen to grow on the moon?

The choice of plants for the first lunar ecosystem is a bit unusual. They are growing cotton, rapeseed and potatoes. Why did the Chinese scientists choose them? Is it because of their ability to ...
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1answer
24 views

Why are Arabidopsis plant seeds being sent to the moon and not other seeds?

The latest Chang'e-4 rover brings an entire ecosystem with it, including Arabidopsis plant seeds and silkworms. My question is: why Arabidopsis? Is this question conclusive without having to ask ...
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123 views

What is difference between light harvesting complex , reaction centre and photosystem

my book says light harvesting Complex are made up of hundred of pigment molecule bound to protein. Is photosystem has all the pigment (except one molecule of chlorophyll A )forming light harvesting ...
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How does salt content affect flowering of halophyte?

My teacher told me that one adaptation of halophyte is that they flower at specific time e.g. rainy season to reduce salt exposure (as salt content affects flowering of plant thus affect the ...
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Do unique communities of bacteria form inside water storage in plants?

I assume that plants, like animals, have an ability to fight off bacteria that invade their cells (support: here and here. However, water often harbors quite a bit of bacteria in even unsuspecting ...
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Why does water stress lead to alkalinity of xylem sap in plants?

I was reading this book: Plant Physiology and Development, Sixth Edition by Lincoln Taiz, Eduardo Zeiger, Ian M. Møller, and Angus Murphy when this doubt came to my mind. Abscisic acid, the stress ...
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1answer
183 views

Why aren't leaves black?

I s'pose this is a variant of the age-old question, "Why are leaves green?" It's fairly easy to ask teh internets and find plenty of answers for that one. I have a different but related question: ...
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How does heat stress kill plants?

It is known that many plants typically die when exposed to temperatures of 40 to 50°C (I believe, these figures relate to exposure times of ~1–2 hours). When a plant is heated, what is the mode of ...
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1answer
438 views

What does the acronym ‘PIN’ stand for referring to PIN proteins in plants?

There are so called PIN proteins, or PIN-formed proteins, in plants. What does this acronym mean? Wikipedia briefly explains the function of the protein but not the origin of the name. It's not ...
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3answers
300 views

Why does photosynthesis occur even in blue light when the photocentres are activated in red light

From Engelmann's experiment Engelmann used this device to illuminate a strand of Cladophora (not Spirogyra) with light from the visible spectrum, exposing different sections to different ...
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43 views

Fruiting of trees — environmental stimuli and biochemical cascades

My question concerns fruiting of trees in general. However, I live in a tropical country (Philippines) where mango trees are ubiquitous, so I'll use it in stating my question. The question is about >...
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1answer
43 views

Do plants experience the following feelings

I am not a student of biology,in other words I have not read biology much. But I read that plants have life and so my question is the following: Suppose I take two saplings of two different ...
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1answer
58 views

Why are plants unable to take up Phosphorus directly in their organic form like Phytic Acid?

I am researching acquisition strategies of phosphorus by decidious trees. I am reading a lot that plants take up nutrients as their inorganic form. In the case of P according to literature this is ...
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1answer
210 views

Why is amylose insoluble in water?

In a handout the following is stated: Amylose is insoluble in water, therefore a good storage compound e.g. in stroma of chloroplasts This is with regard to the chemical structure of the molecule. ...
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41 views

Regarding plant stress

I have to plan a bioinformatic study on a plant. Microarray data is available for various stress treatments (drought, cold, osmotic and flood stress) on root and shoot tissues. I am a bit confused as ...
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24 views

Why does the iron content differ in different species on seeds?

Iron can be affected by pH of the soil but why does each species actually have a different iron content. What causes it? What genes cause it?
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55 views

How is the role of ethylene in ripening demonstrated in biology (or agriculture) education?

I want to know what are some typical experiments performed in the course of biology education (or possibly in applied biology education e.g. agricutlure education) to prove to the students (or have ...
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1answer
342 views

Is that true that plant stem cells can be used in humans?

I was reading an article (which seems very fake to me) on sensitive topics, but there was one astonishing statement: Stem cells are obtained from certain plants that grow all over the world. Once ...
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Why don't acacia trees prefer increasing tannin levels in their leaves rather than leaving them high?

According to this article, the Acacia tree has a chemical defence system which leads to the release of ethylene in the surroundings when a herbivore grazes on it. This leads to an increase in tannin ...
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2answers
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Why do plants need oxygen through their roots?

I was asking myself why plants die from over-watering and the simple answer was that they can't get enough oxygen through their roots. But this made me ask myself why they need oxygen in their roots ...
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1answer
139 views

How do plants absorb CO2?

I see many repeated claims that plants absorb $CO_2$ from the air. $CO_2$ goes into the stomata, while $H_2O$ evaporates and leaves those same stomata. The $CO_2$ dissolves in the water in the plant ...
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Could higher carbon dioxide levels be beneficial to plants?

C4 plants take ATP-expensive routes to ensure photorespiration does not occur. They minimise oxygen concentration in cells where the Krebs cycle occurs and cart carbon dioxide into these same cells. ...
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Can you accelerate the growth of a plant by accelerating its surroundings?

I had this weird idea of making plants grow faster when I first visited an indoor nursery which used floodlights instead of sunlight. They turned on during the day and went off during night in cycles. ...
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1answer
43 views

Does the sun light have to have *direct access* to fruits to make them sweet?

I understand that sun light is needed for fruits to ripen. In the years with less sun light, the fruits are usually not so sweet. So the sun light is needed to make the fruits sweet. Where and how ...
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Will imazapyr kill the roots of a plant if only the stem is exposed?

I know that if imazapyr ((RS)-2-(4-Methyl-5-oxo-4-propan-2-yl-1H-imidazol-2-yl)pyridine-3-carboxylic acid) is sprayed on the ground, roots of a plant can absorb it. However, if imazapyr is only ...
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19 views

Change of stomatal density in plant in response to soil water stress?

I was wondering if the stomatal density (the number of stomata per unit of leaf) will be changed in the plant, say in Arabidopsis thaliana in response to soil drought stress? Please kindly share me ...
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1answer
110 views

Can herbs absorb harmful substances leached in water supply

I have small herb garden (parsley, coriander mint and basil) that is watered from below by a hydrophilic filter using capillary action from a reservoir. This filter allows water soluble nutrients to ...
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1answer
473 views

From where does the oxygen in glucose come in photosynthesis?

Is it carbon dioxide or water? I'm talking about the oxygen present in glucose and not the oxygen that is released after photolysis of water.
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Fixing plant leaf tissue for tensile tests

I'm a new master's student in mechanical engineering, and I'm researching crop biomechanics. We need to do some tensile tests on samples of corn stalk sheath, which involves securely and evenly ...
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GABA in plants (article about its mechanism)

I am studing to plant physiology exam and i cross over the statment about GABA in plants. It said that level of GABA increasing my thermal shock. But mechanism of effect on plants is unknown. Can ...