Questions tagged [radiation]

Ionizing electromagnetic waves, usually harmful to most biological beings.

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46
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2answers
4k views

How do cockroaches resist the effects of ionizing radiation?

Cockroaches are very hardy insects. It is known that, among other things, they are able to withstand bursts of ionizing radiation that would kill a human being. The explanations of this observed ...
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3answers
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Why does UV radiation from the Sun cause skin cancer?

What is the specific mechanism makes non-ionizing UVA and UVB radiation carcinogenic? Can lower energy light, like visible light, be carcinogenic because of this mechanism, or is there some kind of ...
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4answers
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Does a microwave oven disinfect food?

Imagine I am preparing food -- just about to put it into a microwave oven -- and some of it falls on the floor. Assuming it got some bacteria or other organisms (viruses?) on it, will the microwave ...
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2answers
757 views

What is the modern state of the theory of evolution?

When I studied biology at my medical school, we used to learn topics around a century old: the famous Darwin's voyage on "Beagle" to the Galapagos Islands, the classical triad of his Theory ...
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2answers
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Can we determine a person's age by dating methods or other means?

There are many sports restricted to players of a certain age (e.g. 16 and under, 18 and under, etc.) What if a person is older and fakes his birth certificate to say that he is younger? Is there any ...
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1answer
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Why are women more susceptible to radiation?

The answer to this question on the Space.SE indicates women are more susceptible to radiation in space than men. Why is this the case? Is it merely that women have less muscle mass (which being more ...
8
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1answer
243 views

Can any organisms see non-electromagnetic radiation?

Some examples would be cosmic rays, neutron radiation, alpha radiation, beta radiation, muon radiation, and antimatter radiation. Some related questions: How is non-electromagnetic radiation detected,...
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1answer
707 views

How is the effective dose calculated when only part of the body is irradiated?

For calculating the effective radiation dose in Sv, the equivalent dose absorbed by each body part is averaged according to tissue-specific weighting factors, which sum up to 1. If not the whole body ...
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1answer
437 views

Are low-intensity radio-waves carcinogenic?

A recent review article, Oxidative mechanisms of biological activity of low-intensity radiofrequency radiation reached a surprising conclusion our analysis demonstrates that low-intensity RFR [...
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1answer
963 views

How do electrons destroy DNA bonds in radiation?

Malignant tumors can be treated by radiation therapy. Most commonly it's radiotherapy with photons, or protons and so on. The common denominator for both types is that the radiation creates electrons ...
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1answer
231 views

Why did they expect Astronaut Scott Kelley's telomere shortening to accelerate? (they got longer!)

The NPR News article and podcast Scientists Share Results From NASA's Twins Study says: SCOTT KELLY (NASA Astronaut): You know, the symptomatic stuff is fine. I don't have any long-term negative ...
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2answers
210 views

What level of cellular radiation is harmful for humans?

What level of radiation at the frequencies used by the cellular network(1-2 Ghz) is harmful for human health?
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1answer
1k views

Why does radiation sickness cause hair to fall out?

As I understand it, radiation poisoning (acute radiation syndrome) is fatal because the radiation kills cells. However, why do victims experience hair loss at such an early stage in the process?
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1answer
453 views

Can radiation therapy cause cancer?

Radiation therapy is a very popular cancer treatment method. But can it have any risk for make a different cancer? Because i think that radiation exposure can make DNA mutation and thus increase the ...
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1answer
2k views

Does melanin protect humans from gamma radiation?

It is known that radiotrophic fungi use melanin to make use of gamma radiation. It is also known that melanin protects human skin from UV radiation. Thus I wonder whether melanin protects humans from ...
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1answer
3k views

Can bacteria, viruses, and cancer cells be destroyed by resonance?

Radiotherapy has been used to treat cancer. Can the resonances by coordinated electromagnetic waves (and/or other forms of waves), of various frequencies, amplitudes and pulse rates, directed from ...
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1answer
86 views

About radiation therapy

With radiation therapy, could some of the radiation used cause new mutations in non-cancerous cells that are near the tumour that is being irradiated? If so could these new mutations lead to new ...
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1answer
60 views

Are there any studies on the fertility levels of humans/mammals as a function of their stay at Antarctica?

Wikipedia, and Space.SE seem to indicate humans become infertile in space due to the increased exposure to cosmic rays. Knowing as we do that Antarctica is holey, and subject to increased radiation (...
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342 views

Any benefit to low dose radiation?

Is there any survival benefit in humans that can be obtained from chronic exposure to low dose radiation, or is any dose of radiation a potential harm? Has any research been done into this?
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1answer
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Can DNA be considered as a fractal antenna?

I was reading about the consequences of using mobile phones and came across the statement that mobile phones are a potential source of cancers because DNA is a kind of a fractal antenna. The reason ...
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2answers
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Difference between Medical and Airport scanner radiation

What is the difference between radiation doses of a medical scanner and airport security scanner (X-Ray full body scan)? Is it the same kind of radiation? Does it pose any danger for people who fly ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Why does UVA penetrate deeper than UVB, though it's weaker?

Even though UVA radiation ranges in longer wavelengths (315–400 nm) than UVB (280–315 nm) and thus is less energetic, UVA is able to penetrate deeper into the skin and even reach the dermis. Why is ...
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2answers
1k views

Can radiation equilevant to 1 CT (computer tomography) scan causes significant changes in human body?

I've read that CT scan causes radiation equivalent to few hundreds of ordinary X ray scan. It sound scary at the first look of it but I wonder is it the amount considered significant? Can dosage equal ...
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2answers
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Could there be any effects from low powered infrared being used to track eye movements long term?

Basically, looking into infrared LED's and a camera with an infrared bandpass filter for tracking eye movements; my concerns are whether there would be any potential negative long term effects from ...
3
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1answer
70 views

About modern dating techniques

In a comment to this question, it was said that Radiocarbon dating won't work. For a start the tree needs to be dead, which since you're not using the rings I'm assuming it isn't. Also the atomic ...
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1answer
302 views

Hair loss in a nuclear submarine? [closed]

Biologically, how prevalent is hair loss on a nuclear submarine? How can prolonged exposure to radiation levels typically present on a nuclear sub affect a person, say over a year or even more?
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Is Near-infrared focused light safe for your eyes?

I found a new product, but I'm afraid it's not safe. Can you help me understand what the safety limits are when it comes to near-infrared light focused on your eyes is? I'm assuming the wavelength ...
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0answers
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Is WIFI safe for humans? [closed]

I have wifi on at my home almost all the time. I learned that the frequency of visible light is around several hundreds of THz, while the frequency of wifi is only several GHz, which is only 1:100,000....
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1answer
146 views

A study has found that cell phones cause infertility, is this something to worry about or is the study flawed?

Is this a worrying study, or is it flawed? A study has found that cell phones are detrimental to male sperm quality (Lower sperm motility and sperm concentration). It’s original goal was to determine ...
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1answer
101 views

A cure for radiation exposure?

Some of the greatest inventions of my lifetime have been from looking at nature and copying. I found out tadigrades in outer space have the ability to repair their own DNA when exposed to radiation ...
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1answer
66 views

Why does our visible range not include infrared or UV radiation? [duplicate]

As the radiation peak of the sun is in the UV region and since at around room temperature materials emit radiation at IR, I wonder why our eyes are not capable of using these wavelengths. I guess ...
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1answer
80 views

Are microwaves harmful to us?

They closed my question on the Physics Stack Exchange because it wasn't a purely physics question, so I'm trying here. Recently I've come across the topic of scrapping microwaves, and the various ...
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2answers
556 views

Radiation and "Safe Dose"

I've read about safe doses of radiation, briefly. Why is there such a thing a safe dose? Can't any radiation give you cancer? Why is it more and more dangerous to take in larger and larger doses? Just ...
2
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1answer
116 views

Aside from cockroaches and other insects, which species (of all kinds) are 'immune' to ionizing radiation?

I have just been reading this excellent question and answer about cockroaches ability to withstand ionizing radiation. My question is an extension of that question: aside from insects, which other ...
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2answers
3k views

What is the relationship between radiation and evolution?

There is always a certain amount of background radiation present, for example due to ionizing radiation from the sun and other stars. Also certain materials like granite may emit relatively large ...
2
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1answer
174 views

Is excessive hydration a risk factor for cancer in humans?

I was reading a book on radiation biology, and the book describes the process of "indirect action", where radiation can first ionize a water molecule forming a free radical, which then may interact ...
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1answer
75 views

What are the biological processes of ingesting radioactive particles?

As someone who has basic understanding/education in physics and how radiation works, there is something that is confusing me and which I would like to shed some light on (I posted about this ...
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0answers
25 views

Can high energy photoelectrons damage cell membranes?

I've read that in addition to ionizing radiation causing damage to DNA through direct absorption, but DNA can also be damaged through photoelectrons with enough energy. The thing I was wondering is ...
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0answers
32 views

Effects of X-ray exposure on upcoming pregnancies

Recently we had a little fight with my girlfriend about the risks of genetic diseases for our potential baby. The thing is that she had her medical check recently and it included an X-ray examination ...
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1answer
123 views

Why does ionizing radiation cause only DNA double strand breaks?

It's known that ionizing radiation such as X-ray and $\gamma$-ray, cause DNA damage, specifically double strand break. Why is it so? I mean, why not single strand break, why not pyrimidine dimer?
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3answers
179 views

Does cell phone radiation promote longevity?

This preprint presents results from a 2-year National Toxicology Program study on the effects of cell-phone radiation in rats. On page 8 of the PDF, survival results are presented. The presentation of ...
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2answers
88 views

Could a strong magnet field repel the body before damaging it?

Could a magnetic field be strong enough to damage the body or erase the brain? Blood is slightly diamagnetic, so if the field was strong enough, could it repel a body evenly? Could a diamagnetic ...
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2answers
198 views

Cesium-137 From Fukushima Meltdown

I've been reading up on the Fukushima nuclear meltdown and its effects it had on the environment. The iodine-131 initially released from the incident decayed after 8 days, but other isotopes such as ...
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1answer
2k views

Which frequency of UV light damages DNA?

I have read that UV light can damage pure DNA (DNA that has been extracted and purified). Is there a particular frequency threshold where this damage occurs or is it more of a gradient where the high ...
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1answer
50 views

Is it better to receive a certain dose of radition gradually or all at once?

Suppose you had to choose between getting exposed to 1000 mSv gradually over the next 5 years, or all at once exactly 5 years from now. Which one would be the healthiest option? Is the probability of ...
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1answer
160 views

How well understood are the long-term effects of nuclear radiation?

Sometimes, when people are concerned about radiation, it is not because it is precisely quantified how dangerous it is, but because we don't know how dangerous it is. How well understood are the long-...
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1answer
60 views

DNA Fingerprint

I recently came across an article indicating that the half life of DNA in the most ideal situations is 521 years (http://www.nature.com/news/dna-has-a-521-year-half-life-1.11555). However, since human'...
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1answer
215 views

What caused the Mesozoic-Cenozoic radiation?

The Phanerozoic eon has had 5 major extinction events and 3 major radiation events. After the Cambrian and Ordovician radiations came all five of the major extinction events, the last of which (...
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2answers
64 views

How come our thyroid glands don't suffer awful mutations (or do they)?

I was listening to a lecture by my Biology professor and he said that the thyroid gland contains radioactive Iodine which can break down and create reactive Oxygen species (because ionizing radiation ...
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1answer
337 views

How do I find samples/patients in TCGA (the cancer genome atlas) that had radiation therapy?

I want to correlate the expression of a gene (for sample the KRAS gene) with survival and if the patient received radiation therapy using any suitable TCGA (the cancer genome atlas) dataset. However, ...