Questions tagged [renal-physiology]

The branch of physiology that deals with the kidneys, and their role in reabsorption, filtration, acid-base and electrolyte balance.

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Vasoconstriction and blood flow

The resistance in a blood vessel is equal to the pressure difference divided by the blood flow. Let us now say that a sympathomimetic causes vasoconstriction which increases the resistance. Does this ...
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How does the counter-current multiplier work in the nephrons?

Why is the counter-current multiplier called like that? What is flowing in the opposite direction to the glomerular filtrate for it to be called "counter-current"? Can you please explain the counter-...
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How to generate kidney stones in animal models?

How can the major types of kidney stones (calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate, uric acid, struvite, or cystine) be induced in an animal model? I have noted in my research on this topic that calcium ...
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Microalbuminuria in inflammation of urinary tract

Albumin is excreted into urine (albuminuria) in nephrotic syndrome and in certain inflammatory conditions of urinary tract.$^1$ How is inflammation in urinary tract related to increase in albumin ...
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peritoneal dialysis Vs Hemodialysis?

Their are basically two types of dialysis: 1.peritoneal dialysis 2.hemodialysis, My Question is Why the peritoneal dialysis needs to be carried out on everyday BUT hemodialysis is carried out on only ...