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Questions tagged [reproduction]

The biological process by which new individuals are formed.

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What are the advantages of sexual reproduction over asexual reproduction? [closed]

What are the advantages of sexual reproduction over asexual reproduction? How does variation influence ecological and evolutionary success?
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62 views

Why can't complex multicellular organisms reproduce by regeneration? [on hold]

My textbook says that regeneration isn't possible in complex multicellular organisms. But why? Why can't specialized cells be present in the bodies of complex multi cellular organisms which can ...
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Volvox Cellular Reintegration

A couple of days ago, I answered this question over on worldbuilding.SE with some information about volvoxes, and commenter Liam Proven pointed out that one of the claims I made was dubious. I had ...
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How can twins be born months apart? [on hold]

How can twins be born months apart? What is the science behind it?
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Beyond anabolism, what are factors that restrict growth rate?

Beyond obvious constraints in the case of nutrient limitation, what can explain the relatively slow growth rate of cells in rich media? Lab strains of E. coli grow really, really fast. The cell ...
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1answer
25 views

What is the difference between monoecious and homothallic?

In my plant reproduction book there are two distinct definitions for these two terms, but when I read them I found out that they are very much alike that I was confused and couldn't catch the ...
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1answer
45 views

Can different kinds of dogs mate?

This was inspired by a show in which two different kinds of dogs, who were neighbors, "dated," in order to bring their human neighbors together. This is a theme seen in Disney's "101 Dalmations" or "...
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Why sperms don't forms follicles

As all of us know that in meiosis oocyte forms follicles and egg cells, so my question is that if an oocyte can form follicles then why sperm cells do not forms the follicles? And in evolutionary ...
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What do chimpz/bonobos/orangutangs/gorillas feed their babies with?

I just read this question and it made me curious about what a more original baby diet would look like. So, at what age do our closest relatives in the animal kingdom start giving their offspring more ...
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How reliable is the life cycle information on PhagesDB?

If I'm understanding this correctly, PhagesDB users choose the Cluster/Subcluster during the upload, and the life cycle type is assigned solely based on this data. How reliable is that information? ...
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2answers
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How can seedless fruits not be GMO?

Biology is the closest I could find to botany on SE. Grafting can not occur naturally and so if a fruit does not have seeds there is no way it could reproduce in nature. That logic makes complete ...
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1answer
28 views

The reproduction patterns of fungi: what’s the difference between them?

I am going to take TOEFL, and am getting perplexed by the difference between cell division and budding and fragmentation of fungi. Those three terms seem like all the same all to me, so could anyone ...
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Looking for realistic representation of angiosperm sperm cells during pollination

I've scoured Youtube, google, and a handful of my botany textbooks for a cellular-scale photo, animation, or video illustrating an angiosperm sperm cell during pollination/fertilization. ...
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Fluoroquinolone mitochondrial and genomic DNA adduct

What could be possible consequences of covalent bond mitochondrial and genomic DNA adduct by Fluoroquinolones, our study was done by Fluoroquinolone Toxicity Study NFP. All 50+ participates who took ...
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2answers
105 views

In men, why do over 80% of sperm have abnormal form? [duplicate]

Here is the percentage of normal forms among fertile mens according to the centile (Source: Cooper et al. 2010): 2.5: 3% 5 (below this is Teratozoospermia): 4% 10: 5.5% 25: 9% 50 (median): 15% 75: ...
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1answer
73 views

Are the seeds in a single capsicum fruit genetically identical?

Hopefully not a too-basic question for the venue. I'm a chile pepper growing hobbyist and have spent some time searching around and reading up on pepper (angiosperm) reproduction, but I'm not getting ...
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What fraction of species representatives is needed to say they have dispersed mating model?

Many biologists adopt the following division of mating systems: monogamous (and sometimes serial monogamous); polygynous; polyandrous; promiscuous/polygynadrous (sometimes distinguished as separate); ...
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Are cloned spieces significantly more vulnereble to deseases than sexually reproducing species?

I would like to be able to compare the risk for species to go extinct implied by their reproduction mechanism in the very short term. Imagine we choose some species A that can reproduce both sexually ...
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1answer
289 views

How long does each of the stages in meiosis take?

For each stages of meiosis (i.e. Interphase, Prophase I, ...), I wanted to know the time between each stages either in percentages or minutes. However, while I could find the cell cycle for mitosis ...
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1answer
100 views

Very frequent multiple births in humans

18th century Feodor Vassilyev is said to have had children by two wives, each of whom only ever had twins, triplets or quadruplets. His first wife has 16 sets of twins, 7 of triplets and 4 of quads; ...
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2answers
58 views

What is the chance a given gene will end up in a given gamete?

Let us say a somatic cell had a desired gene. This somatic cell was replicated during interphase so that it had two of the desired gene. It then underwent meiosis. My question then is, what is the ...
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1answer
276 views

can self-fertilization in flowers be called asexual reproduction?

Suppose a flower having both male and female reproductive parts is self-fertilized then can this be called asexual reproduction...?I'm quite confused cause in this case the fusion of male and female ...
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1answer
61 views

Examples of points in evolution where two species stopped being interfertile? [closed]

Apologies in advance for not using the right terminology here; I'm not a biologist. This isn't for homework or anything; just curiosity. I'm wondering: at what point do two divergent species stop ...
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Correlation between menstrual period and lunar revolution

Is it just a coincidence that the the length of the entire menstrual cycle from one flow to the other lasts almost exactly as one lunar month?
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Does global sperm count decline also mean lower testosterone?

So I read about the sperm count decline in men in rich countries. I wonder if this is accompanied by other changes for example in testosterone levels or in other hormones linked with the reproductive ...
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1answer
75 views

How do the chromosomes arrange themselves after fertilization in humans?

In human reproduction the male produces sperm containing 23 chromosomes and the female has the oovum containing 23 chromosomes , so after fertilization the zygote contains 46 chromosomes. What I want ...
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1answer
75 views

Does amount of sperm affect fitness of baby?

If there's a 3 day ovulation period in which to have intercourse, would it be better (to create a more fit/healthy baby) to have sex once and ejaculate more sperm than have sex three times with ...
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Has Epipremnum aureum lost its ability to reproduce sexually?

In this recent question the shy flowering nature of Epipremnum aureum (Golden Pothos) was discussed: Where can I find a picture of the inflorescence of Epipremnum aureum (golden pothos)? To ...
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1answer
207 views

Advantages of Monogamy over Polygamy and Vice Versa In Nature?

Some animals take on a single partner, possibly for life, while others have multiple partners over their lifetime, possibly even at the same time. What are the advantages to each approach, and how ...
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1answer
426 views

Spermatogenesis question

I found this diagram in my textbook regarding the process of spermatogenesis. But, I doubt if the labelling done is correct or not. Especially, I can't figure out any difference between the cells ...
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Sexual reproduction in plants

The female gametophyte of angiosperms is 7 celled and 8 nuclear. My question is Is it possible for the male gamete to fuse with the other haploid cells rather that the egg cell?
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0answers
24 views

Do marsupials ever die in childbirth?

Question: Do marsupials ever die in childbirth? Obviously the notion of there being a linear ordering of "least advanced" to "most advanced" life forms isn't correct. Still, often marsupials are ...
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0answers
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How did genome replication first synchronise with cell division?

It is obvious that cell division in living organisms is now synchronised almost perfectly with DNA replication and, furthermore, the line of division has to intersect exactly the space between the two ...
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1answer
74 views

Is it Theoretically Possible to Create a Male clone from the donor Cell of a Female?

I understand that Dolly the Sheep was created without the presence of a sperm cell. Instead, nucleus DNA from somatic cells of adult sheep were used. Since Dolly was female, i am assuming that the ...
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1answer
108 views

When is Semelparous reproduction most likely to be favoured?

Under which of the following conditions is Semelparous reproduction (where organisms produces all its offspring in a single reproductive event) is most likely to be favoured? (A) Adult survival rate ...
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1answer
279 views

Genotypes of gametes produced by an F1 individual?

I have an urgent question as I have an exam tomorrow. I was skimming some past exam papers and one question came up which has me completely confused. A cross was made between a pure breeding ...
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why hens determine the sex of the chick?

So, I have an exercise where I have to correct the second part of the sentence. It goes like this: In hens, the sex of the chicken is determined by hen, because the hen is the heterogametic ...
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38 views

Are seeds alive and by what mechanism do they 'Spring back to life'?

Correct me if I'm wrong but, human and plant cells require, at least to my understanding, a supply of energy, water and other neutrients to survive and carry out functions (such as sell division). ...
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How diverse are the sperm cells of an individual male due to random mutations?

Due to the sheer number of sperm cells in an individual and the rate of mutations, are they likely to be incredibly diverse and encompass most of what we see across our species? For instance would it ...
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1answer
97 views

Minimum age to reproduce [closed]

How old does one (male and female human) have to be in order to reproduce Im thinking that it's 13 for a boy and 3 for a girl, is that right?
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I am looking for examples of polyandrous insects?

This is for a homework assignment, and yet I am not able find any references that can help me find example of polyandrous insects. Does anyone have any references or suggestions on where to look?
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1answer
38 views

Harvest honey without damaging brood cells [closed]

I want to make a homemade beehive, I want to know how to differentiate honey cells and brood cells, therefore, I'd like to know how can I organize the beehive so bees will create honey and brood cells ...
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1answer
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What are these little leaves growing on these other leaves? (plant growing near the ocean)

I saw many of these plants while hiking on a hill facing the ocean in northern Taiwan. I've included a snapshot of a nearby part of the same trail to show it's rugged, wet, green, and rocky, and ...
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0answers
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Fruit-producing water plant

Are there any water plants that grow fruit that is meant to be eaten? I’m specifically interested in plants that are not rooted permanently to the earth but are mobile for at least part of their life ...
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2answers
104 views

Human ancestor reproduction after chromosome fusion

I read somewhere that human chromosome 2 is the result of 2 primate chromosomes fusing together somewhere along our evolutionary journey. This is why we have 23 chromosomes while other primates have ...
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2answers
263 views

Could two women have a child through artificial insemination/genetic engineering?

This is something I just thought of while looking up stuff about matriarchies. I recall a comic series I heard of once, I think it was called 'Y, the last man'. In that story, all males (besides the ...
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1answer
32 views

Sugar metabolism in preserved/cryopreserved livestock semen

I wonder how can semen use di/tri-saccharide (e.g. sucrose, trehalose, raffinose) for spermatozoa metabolism in preservation/cryopreservation of livestock semen, since the semen itself never bring any ...
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1answer
44 views

Requirements for ability to reproduce

In my (albeit basic) biology classes in the past, we've learned about how, to reproduce, two organisms must have the same number of chromosomes. This has been verified by a few other websites I found. ...
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2answers
386 views

Do chromosomes change with time?

An offspring is 23 chromosomes of mother and 23 of father, if one of the mate learns say music after the birth of their first child— will their second offspring have better music skills than former? ...
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Ratio boys:girls born - how to explain? [duplicate]

My son studies genetics at school right now and they have been covering gender. It's well known that slightly more boys are born than girls. However, originally there's an equal number of sperm cells ...