Questions tagged [taxonomy]

Questions on the classification of biological organisms, and the methods used for classifying them.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
-1
votes
1answer
22 views

What author citation and abbreviation does (would) a monarch or a crown prince get after publishing a new taxon name?

Even though taxonomic rules appear to be silent about this (I've checked ICN Art. 46 and ICZN Art. 51), author citations, as well as abbreviations, are usually based on a surname. However, monarchs ...
19
votes
3answers
5k views

Can 'human' become a genus due to space colonization?

I have read that during the Second World War, some mosquitoes got trapped in the London underground railway system. The mosquitoes never got out and eventually they became a new species by themselves. ...
3
votes
0answers
30 views

When a 'v' letter should be changed to 'w' in botanical nomenclature?

When should be 'v' changed to 'w' in botanical names? (especially ones derived from names originally written in cyrillics). The International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants says ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Eukaryotic DNA polymerase in Leading and Lagging Strand

Different books say a different specifications on which eukaryotic DNA polymerase work in leading strand and which DNA polymerase work in lagging strand. TL,DR: Which one is reality? and if there ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

What defines a single organism?

I suppose what prompts me to ask this question is my wondering if it is possible to have a multicellular prokaryotic organism. For instance, can a biofilm be considered a single organism? Why or why ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Help me identify Grasshopper

I found this Grasshopper in Goa/India. It was about 2cm long. I suspect it is from Cataloipus genus or Gomphocerinae subfamily. Am i correct or it also seems to be juvenile from some other species?
1
vote
2answers
43 views

What could the etymology of Phallodriline be?

I'm reading about a series of gutless worms described in several papers as phallodrilines. A search in the World Register of Marine Species shows that there is a subfamily called "Phallodrilinae", but ...
2
votes
0answers
320 views

How many kingdoms are there actually?

I am wanting to learn (memorise) some of the tree of life; the classification of organisms. So I have come across a lot of kingdoms in my research. Basically, I don’t want to waste my time learning ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Umbrella term for “parts of the brain”

I am looking for an umbrella term for general "parts of the brain", esp. for (somehow arbitrary) "subsets of neurons". For the tree of life there is an umbrella term for all kinds of taxonomic groups ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Why are Excavata called “Excavata”?

The explanation given in my textbook is: Some members of this diverse group also have an “excavated” feeding groove on one side of the cell body. (Campbell Biology) This still isn't clear, ...
2
votes
2answers
543 views

What does it mean to share similarities among living organisms “both horizontally and vertically”?

I came across the following lines in a textbook (NCERT biology for class 11). Systematic and monumental description of life forms, brought in, out of necessity, detailed systems of identification, ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Taxonomic hierarchy VS Hierarchical classification?

What are the differences between the two terms? I'm asked to identify the taxonomic hierarchy of an animal based on the hierarchical classification. Are they talking about the pyramid of "domain, ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

What is the current status of the taxon Crocodylus raninus?

What is the current status of the taxon Crocodylus raninus, the Borneo Crocodile? See Wikipedia Is it now a valid species, a subspecies of Crocodylus porosus (The Saltwater Crocodile) or merely a ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Helix aspersa or Cornu aspersum

The common garden snail was originally assigned as Helix aspersa and stayed that way for over 200 years. Recently, some biologists assigned it to the genus or subgenus Cornu renaming it to Cornu ...
2
votes
1answer
778 views

Is a lion a bony fish?

If you ask Wikidata "Does the species lion (Q140) have a parent taxon line up to the Osteichthyes (Q27207, bony fishes)?", it answers yes: ...
6
votes
1answer
88 views

What does it mean to have square brackets around a genus name?

For example [Eubacterium] rectale
3
votes
1answer
60 views

How does taxonomy work? The case of the Avian Dinosaurs

I recently discovered that the class Aves (or Birds) has been renamed Avian Dinosaurs. My question is when this taxonomic denomination achieved the consensus of the scientific community and through ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

What are the sufficient criteria that make an entity a living homo sapiens? [closed]

When I say criteria I mean like x biological functions or y genetics. If it were to be appearance,anatomy. A corpse completely looks like a man. Moreover a person who has had their 4 limbs amputated, ...
3
votes
2answers
90 views

What is a “Valid Species”?

I read in a reference book on Google Books (Biology of Termites: a Modern Synthesis, eds. Bignell, Roisin, and Lo) that the termite Heterotermes perfidus found on the South Atlantic island of St ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

Laurasia and Gondwana [closed]

The Cambrian explosion was 540 mya. Laurasia and Gondwana didnt collide until 330 mya. So for 210 million years the land was divided into two large continents. Plants and insects had already colonized ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Are there species which is debatable if they should be classified as animals or plants?

I'm watching a sci fi series and a character who is a biologist claims "even on Earth there are species which is debatable if they should be classified as animals or plants". I looked for examples of ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Database for Macroinvertebrate Taxonomy

I compiled different data sets of invertebrate occurrences across some countries and now I want to ensure that all the taxonomic information is homogenized and correct. To this end, I am looking for a ...
1
vote
1answer
267 views

What are the differences between insects and spiders?

I have always been told that a spider is not an insect, since the former has 8 legs and the latter 6 legs. Is it just a matter of definition and spiders could have been defined as "8-legged insects"? ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

How to define ammonites?

I miss the definition of ammonite. In my opinion, many authors confuse the term "Ammonite" and "Ammonoid". Ammonoids (Ammonoidea) are large group of cephalopods including for example goniatites (...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

How are asexual species classified?

Are there multiple distinct genetic lineages of asexual species that are closely enough related to not be considered distinct or does any genetic change result in a new species? I would assume there'...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

Why is Cannabis Sativa considered a distinct form of Cannabis?

My understanding is that the word Sativa is Latin and means "cultivated." See here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sativum Since all cannabis consumed by people is cultivated and grown from seed, ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Did Plant Cells Evolve from Animal, Protist, or Fungal Cells?

I know protists and animals preceded plants but I am unaware of when fungi arose in relation to plants. At the moment, I cannot find a resource stating how plants evolved from existing kingdoms, or ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

What sauropod genera had a double row of chevron bones in the tail?

I know that Diplodocus is marked by the feature of having a double row of or "double-beamed" chevron bones in the tail, but how diagnostic is this feature if several other sauropods have it? I mean, ...
3
votes
2answers
575 views

What is (probably) the closest living relative of the trilobite?

The trilobites vanished from the fossil record many millions of years ago, but they were obviously arthropods of some sort. Do we know which animals are their closest living relatives? I've heard both ...
3
votes
2answers
77 views

Is there a way tell apart dinosaurs from similar extinct reptiles?

When I was a child, I thought I knew what a dinosaur was. But, as I grew older, I was told that many of the extinct species that I thought were dinosaurs (dimetrodons, pterosaurs, plesiosaurs, etc.) ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Is Wikipedia a good source of taxonomy? [duplicate]

I have been quite interested in biology lately,and I would like to know whether it is a good choice to look up taxonomic information there.
1
vote
2answers
152 views

Why aren't mammals and reptiles considered amphibians?

We've all heard it: birds descend from dinosaurs, so they're dinosaurs too. But this got me thinking: doesn't this mean that, for instance, all terrestrial vertebrates – including humans – are ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

Using spp. for taxa other than Genus

Can spp. be used for taxa other than genus ? For example Noctuidae spp. meaning certain genera in the Noctuidae family.
3
votes
0answers
36 views

Pre-linnaean names, where can I ask about current IDs?

I run a large website with lots of historical herb books. For the older ones, finding out current botanical names is very difficult. Can I ask here? If not, does anybody know where I could ask what ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Are All Taxonomic Groups Uniquely Named?

The Linnaean classification system classifies and groups organisms into taxonomic groups: Kingdom, Phylum, Class, etc. Obviously, a clade at any taxonomic level is uniquely determined by its ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

How related do life forms need to be to produce hybrids?

Specifically, I'm asking about infertile hybrids like ligers, mules, camas, etc. How closely related do animals need to be?
-2
votes
1answer
92 views

Why is “VOLVOX” not considered to be in PROTOZA?

Volovox is an Algae, but it moves with the help of Flagella. Protozoa has members that move by Flagella. Why is Volovox taxonomically in the Algae instead of Protozoa?
2
votes
1answer
301 views

Are bears related to dogs in a similar way to how cats are related to 'panthers'?

I've tried searching on Wikipedia but I couldn't find what family dogs belonged to. Ursidae is 'bears' and Canis is 'dogs' ; Panthera is big cats like:- tigers and jaguars is what I know.
0
votes
2answers
554 views

Can two different species in the same genus generally succeed in the same habitat?

This plant-care website writes In the context of plant care, usually most plants within the same genus need the same environmental conditions suitable for plant growth. If the genus of a plant is ...
2
votes
1answer
22 views

Why is the spirit bear/Kermode bear a subspecies of the American black bear Ursus americanus?

The Kermode bear Ursus americanus kermodei is only found in British Columbia,Canada. The Kermode bear has single nucleotide polymorphism at the melanocortin 1 receptor gene (mc1r) locus which cause ...
17
votes
4answers
4k views

Why do both the mango and the bee have “Indica” in their binomial name?

In my textbook, it is written that the binomial name of mango is Mangifera indica and the binomial name of a bee is Apis indica. Now in the name the second part is the name of species. But mango and ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Hominidae is to hominid as Poaceae is to what?

I considered asking this on English.SE, but decided against it, since it strictly applies to biological nomenclature, which not many of them will know about - particularly that of plants. So, in ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Have traditional categories such as phylum, class, genus, been dispensed with in modern taxonomy?

Looking through the one zoom and EOL projects I see no reference to such categories.
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Should the infraspecific epithet agree in gender with the genus name?

Let's take the following plant name Gymnocalycium mihanovichii So we were to designate the yellow form of the plant, would it be Gymnocalycium mihanovichii f. aurea because forma is ...
0
votes
2answers
131 views

Rank-specific rules for taxonomic classification

There appears to be a very specific (although not universally agreed) list of characteristics that describe what a "species" is--and the list applies to ALL species. Are there similar generic rules ...
1
vote
2answers
145 views

Confused about plant phyla

My kids and I are doing a fun project collecting pictures of life in parks and national parks around us. We are trying to classify what we find down to genus and species. However, I'm confused about ...
4
votes
0answers
62 views

Identification of Jumping Spider Species

I found this jumping spider (Salticidae family) in Pune/India. Most common species of jumpers in my region is heavy-bodied jumper (Hyllus semicupreus), but this is different species by observing body ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Who are Ursprungliche Eukaryoten?

The school textbook of my daughter (the textbook is written in German) describes the five kingdoms of life: prokaryota, plants, fungi, animals and "Ursprungliche Eukaryoten". These are defined as "...
1
vote
2answers
74 views

The parts of the phylogenetic nomenclature that need to be “unique”

I am not quite sure I have sorted through the diversity of approaches to nomenclature, but I had a specific question to help clarify what is going on. Basically I am just wondering what needs to be ...
1
vote
0answers
130 views

Example Clade Names in PhyloCode

After looking through the PhyloCode, the only thing I found that looked like an example was in Article 9, Chapter 4: A node-based definition may be abbreviated "<A&B" or "<A&B&C&...

1
2 3 4 5