Questions tagged [temperature]

Questions dealing with biological processes in relation to temperature, for instance temperature effects on metabolism, enzyme function or development time. Temperature can be measured on many different scales, e.g. in degrees Fahrenheit or Celsius, or Kelvin.

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Why don't cats have to pant?

I understand why dogs pant and humans transpire, namely for temperature homeostasis. So why don't cats need to do either, even after expending a lot of energy on a hot day?
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Taking cold shower / drinking cold water after / during training

(I am a new-comer in biology SE so sorry if violated any rules) Effect of cold showers after intense training I have read the answer to this question, but it seems there are discussions on the ...
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Coronavirus and temperatures

An article on bioRxiv, Evaluation of heating and chemical protocols for inactivating SARS-CoV-2, recommends certain treatments to inactivate SARS-Cov-2 for lab work. The abstract notes: "Although ...
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Are there any benefits/disadvantages/traits from having a permanent lower core temperature?

My body temperature as far as I remember has always been around 35.6 degrees Celsius, that's a degree less than what is the usually quoted as the average temperature for humans. Are there any known ...
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How precisely can humans identify differences in air temperature?

"It feels like it's 30° today" I'm fascinated by how human perception compares to electromechanical sensors in terms of accuracy. "It feels like 23 minutes have passed since I put the cake in the ...
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Cold water sour taste

Recently I underwent a wisdom tooth extraction, and while there is still numbness I have observed something peculiar. If I drink cold water, it tastes sour, however the same effect is not observed ...
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SARS-CoV virus stability at low temperatures [closed]

For SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV1 this study published in NEJM by a NIAID team was done at a temperature of 21-23°C (see the Methods section in their supplemental material). What's known about virus ...
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What is the maximum/minimum temperature humans can survive at for an extended period of time, and what rate does the body temperature change at?

3 questions: At what rate does the body temperature of a human change at? That is, assuming the outside temperature is x, is there some sort of formula that can determine how long it takes for the ...
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Does body temperature affect human lifespan?

If a human body were somehow to be kept at a cold temperature (say 30C) for the entire life of the given individual. And somehow the brain could be fooled into thinking that this 30C feels nice and ...
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How does temperature affect metabolism of warm blooded animals (homeotherms)?

In cold blooded animals (Poikilotherms) the temperature has a profound effect on metabolism. When the external temperature is raised a corresponding rise in internal temperature followed by a rise in ...
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Do animals like Seals feel cold on their skin?

Whenever there is a documentary about animals and you get to the colder regions, you will hear about Seals and their layer of blubber keeping them warm. But the skin is on top of the blubber, in ...
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How long can Legionella survive at 60°C?

I'm coding some stuff for water heaters and one of the functions is anti-Legionella. Anyway, I've read on wikipedia that 90% Legionella dies in first two minutes if the water temperature is 60°C, but ...
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How much heat can a human sustain?

For how long can a human sustain a temperature of 180 degrees Fahrenheit (82oC) without damage in a confined place? For instance, suppose a person is sitting in a steam-filled room, without external ...
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human body in an environment where temperature is above body temperature

What would happen if humans were to live in an environment where the temperature is above the body temperature? Does the human body have a mechanism to cool the body? When the surrounding ...
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Are there specific theories as to what causes cold[-water] muscle cramps?

The field of what might cause cramps is quite contested with a lot of controversy around the heat/dehydration cramps, but I find it surprising that no specific theories appear to have been proposed (...
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Do birds emit infra-red radiation?

I'm an electronics engineering student and I am going to use a sensor that detects infra-red emitted by birds that invade rice paddies. Do birds emit infra-red radiation?
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How does water buffer a sudden drop in temperature?

A property of water is that it is slow to heat and cool. According to my biology book, some energy from an increase in temperature would spent breaking hydrogen bonds, so that temperature does not ...
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What happens to our body when we undergo a sudden temperature change from 40℃ to 20℃?

We know that a glass gets cracked when it undergoes sudden change in temperature. But what will happen in the case of a human body if it changes from the maximum(>35℃) to the minimum temperature(<...
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What's the lowest temperature a tardigrade can remain active at?

There's a lot of information floating around the net about how tough they are & what they can survive, like "We now know that some tardigrades can tolerate being frozen to -272.8 °C". But any ...
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Why does solute potential go up as temperatures go down?

So the closer a solution's solute potential is to zero, the more water potential said solution would eventually have. The solute potential equation is -iCRT. If the temperature is 0, -iCRT would be ...
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Psychrotrophic Bacteria

I want to know what gene or protein makes bacteria psychrotrophic, as opposed to regular bacteria that prefers warmer conditions. If you don’t know exactly, and you have suggestions as to where I can ...
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How does heat stress kill plants?

It is known that many plants typically die when exposed to temperatures of 40 to 50°C (I believe, these figures relate to exposure times of ~1–2 hours). When a plant is heated, what is the mode of ...
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Does freezer burn affect only the cells on the surface of food?

Suppose i submerge a banana halfway through in a tray with water. Part of the banana is submerged in water, part of it is on the outside. The water and banana in the tray is being put in the freezer ...
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Breeding mosquitoes at lower temperature

It is well known fact that, to slow down the growth of drosophila, they are grown at 18-19 degree Celsius. It helps in maintaining stocks for longer time without frequent change of food. Is it ...
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What are the most efficient heat exchange sites on the human body?

Where on the body would be the best place to achieve the greatest cooling effect with a "cooling undergarment"? Concentrated over the kidneys, groin, inside the wrists, back of the neck?
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Where can I find resources of the biological processes occurring after death of a mammal at various temperatures?

Using google I usually end with results in cell death. I found some layman articles, but that does not help. My main interest is the brain part.
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Does pouring water on your skin affect the evaporation process and heat loss?

Recently I've been playing football in the sun pretty hot temperatures. During the water breaks I tend to pour a lot of water over my head to cool me down, now this has an instant effect on cooling me ...
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why do we tighten out muscles against cold?

When I'm in shower and I want to open the cold water on myself suddenly I make my muscles so tight before I open the water and that helps so much in being able to handle the shock. Why does tightening ...
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Is human face more resistant to cold than other body parts?

Walking outside tonight in -15˚C I realized an interesting observation: While I felt cold on most part of my body, my face (although the only uncovered part) didn't really feel cold. It registered the ...
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Why is it cool near the trees?

I can understand that trees produce oxygen in daylight but why is the area with vegetation much cooler than the environment's temperature?
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Dry Bulb Temperature VS Dew Point, which one is most relevant to insects?

I study insects that are leaving freely on my campus. The campus weather station has two different measures of temperature, the Dry Bulb Temperature and the Dew Point Temperature. Which one is the ...
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Can varied temperature while sleeping help quality of sleep?

I read an interesting article which is about relations between body temperature and quality of sleep. I'm interested in the phrase from the article. Other experiments that varied the ambient ...
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What is the fundamental reason for death from too high or low internal temperature?

I have read something about why we die from over/underheat, but always found too general reasons. Such that the liver fails. But why does the liver fail? I would like to know the most fundamental ...
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How do non-human apes cool their body temperature in warm climates?

Humans have sweat and we all know how that provides cooling along with the remaining vellus hairs acting as wicks. So how do hominids, our close relatives (some of which are more massive than humans) ...
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What causes plants in the prunus genus to reach anthesis?

In a related question, I ask how to trick fruit trees into flowering later in the spring by prolonging frozen ground conditions. However, I'm starting to realize that I don't actually understand what ...
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Trick fruit trees into flowering later in the spring

There is a common problem with fruit trees in temperate climates where the trees flower before the last frost. Generally speaking, if the tree has flowered, and the temperature drops below freezing, ...
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Why are low temperatures lethal?

Why can't we (human, or even unicellular organisms) withstand low (body) temperatures (5 - 25°C). I have a limited background in chemistry and biology, so this might be obvious, but not to me. I know ...
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If you are 30 degrees, and touch something that is 50 degrees, do you only feel 20?

First off, I don't know if this is the correct site to post this question as it could possibly fit into others? If so, please flag it to be moved as I would appreciate that very much. Now, if my body ...
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Why does temperature shock kill fish?

As is advised with most fish you should avoid sudden changes in water temperature (for example by introducing new water that hasn't been left to come to room temperature). I have, however, never ...
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How does temperature affect sex drive in humans?

I've ran into a science journalism piece which reported on a NBER study fidning that lower human fertility following hot temperatures over 80 degrees Farhenheit. They attributed this effect to ...
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Why does breathing increase in higher temperatures?

In my experiment, my group increased the temperature of a fish's water. We noticed the fish took more breaths than the prior normal temperature. Is this because the fish is trying to breathe in the ...
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Does drinking water affect oral thermometer accuracy?

According to various sources (including Mayo and Cleveland Clinics), one must wait a certain number of minutes before an accurate oral temperature reading may be taken. However, these two sources (and ...
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How fast can the human body temperature change?

I'm really curious about how fast can a human body temperature change? E.g. how fast can the human body temperature change when the human has fever? I'm not interested in how fast fever changes the ...
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If you have water on you, does it *actually* cool or down, or do you just *feel* cold?

I'm sure many people have noticed after getting out of a shower or out of a swimming pool that moving air makes them feel colder. It seems like one way to beat the summer heat is with water and also ...
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If people can survive being frozen some, why not indefinitely? [closed]

I've heard of cases and also personally met someone who survived with a full recovery after they were taken to the hospital after being found unconscious in the snow for (presumably) more than 45 ...
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What is operating temperature of the human brain?

I've heard several times that human brain can die in temperatures over 40 °C, or under 10 °C, as an engineer I'm curious. In what temperature region can brain properly work? And just an underlying ...
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Are there organisms which have compartments of different body temperature?

I was wondering if there are organisms which have compartments(inside the body) with different body temperatures. To clarify are there organisms which have tissue/organs which are surrounded by ...
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Why do some people have cold hands and some have warm? [closed]

I've known people who have warm hands even in the most chilling weather and also those having cold hands in a relatively hot climate. Why does this happen?
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Why are the most heat tollerant organisms prokaryotic?

Prokaryotic organisms are able to grow at far higher temperatures than are eukaryotes. Archaea are known to group, among some mesophiles, the most extremophiles organisms (es. Pyrococcus furiosus), ...
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In Japan, the official average body temperature is 36.0 °C. Why so different from that of Europe?

The Japanese Wikipedia states that the average human body temperature is 36.0 °C (here,"ヒト"). The statement references the data from the Japanese government. Actually all of my Japanese friends think ...