Questions tagged [terminology]

How terms are used or the meaning of words as used in scientific literature. Questions should ideally include a link or quote as context for where the term was encountered.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
-1 votes
0 answers
18 views

Preferred order when combining directional terms

Is there any preferred order when combining directional terms? For example, if I say ear is superolateral to the mouth, can I instead say that ear is laterosuperior to the mouth? Is one correct while ...
user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
50 views

Animal specific names with non-alphabetic characters

I'm part of a research team that investigates and documents native bee species, and we identified one of our Andrena specimens as A. w-scripta. With over ten years of experience in insect and ray-...
user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
61 views

What does "DS" stand for in some articles?

I'm super ashamed of asking such a question, but there is an abbreviation that often comes in some papers that I have to read, I have no idea what it stands for and I'm just too ashamed to ask my ...
user avatar
  • 51
1 vote
1 answer
98 views

Difference between in cis/in trans and in phase/out of phase

Something I've never been quite clear on is the difference between in cis/in trans and in phase/out of phase (in the context of diploid organisms). My understanding is that the in cis/in trans ...
user avatar
  • 101
2 votes
0 answers
32 views

What is the DNA sequences between two Inverted Repeats called?

I would like to know some rules about the nomenclature of Inverted Repeats DNA sequences. More in detail, I want to know what is the name of sequences between two inverted repeats. For example, I have ...
user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
35 views

Is there a term for fixation OR loss of an allele?

I remember reading a paper which used a term to describe either fixation OR loss of an allele via drift. Its definition is basically "the removal/fixation of a polymorphism in a population due to ...
user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
476 views

Is pyruvate considered a high energy molecule like ATP or NADH?

ATP, NADH and FADH2 are high energy molecules. The second half of glycolysis is known as the pay-off phase, characterised by a net gain of the energy-rich molecules ATP and NADH. In fermentation, for ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
38 views

How do we determine what we call "flexion" and what we call "extension"?

Question: How did we determine which motion to call "flexion" and which to call "extension" with regard to the wrist and the neck? Background: Just to set the stage, I'm not asking ...
user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
40 views

Is the use of DNA SNPs vs amino acid variations in the description to detail the absence or presence of a consequent amino acid variation?

Studying Schizophrenia and reading some papers discussing polymorphisms in the 5HT-2A receptor gene (HTR2A). Specifically, the authors mention A-1438G, T102C, his452tyr. Was his452tyr not described as ...
user avatar
  • 91
6 votes
1 answer
267 views

Why are O-antigens and H-antigens on (certain) bacteria called O and H?

Somehow, despite extensive searching, I cannot find an answer.... Does O stand for oxygen and H signify hydrogen?
user avatar
11 votes
0 answers
2k views

What is, (and what isn't) "kinetic replication" as it applies to molecules and to living organisms?

CNN's World's first living robots can now reproduce, scientists say describes "xenobots"; clusters of stem cells that move around and by this motion occasionally push enough free stem cells ...
user avatar
  • 4,885
-3 votes
1 answer
53 views

Where could I find biology-specialized transcription services for my conference? [closed]

I'm a conference organizer for various conferences in the field of biology. Just recently, I stumbled upon this Nature article: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-021-03487-2 and I have ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
38 views

Is tumor necrosing factor alpha now properly referred to as "tumor necrosing factor"?

"Because LTα is no longer referred to as TNFβ,[64] TNFα, as the previous gene symbol, is now simply called TNF, as shown in HGNC (HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee) database." says https://en....
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
56 views

What morphological traits can be used to diagnose members of the Eucalypteae?

I read the Wikipedia article on Eucalypteae and it doesn't actually say what these plants have in common. (I am now reading through https://bsapubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.3732/ajb.1200025 ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
250 views

What is the proper anatomical name of the "band of Richer" that wraps around the quadriceps femoris?

There's this fascial band called the band of Richer that wraps around the quadriceps femoris muscle above the knee (in this illustration, look for it near the left knee). It seems to stem from the ...
user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
79 views

meaning of the name "Dictyostelium discoideum"

Dictyostelium discoideum is a well-known species of slime mould. Does anyone know what the name means? Here's my best guess. I found the 1935 article in which it was first described, but there doesn't ...
user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
145 views

The use of the word “canonical” in biological science

What is the meaning of the word canonical in a scientific context? This is an example that I do not understand: BDNF is a member of the neurotrophin family of growth factors, which are related to the ...
user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
71 views

What is the meaning of harboring cryptic in below sentence?

Tissue culture became more widely used at this time because of the introduction of antibiotics, which facilitated long-term cell line propagation, although many people were already warning against ...
user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
114 views

What is the difference between the cheeks and the near parts?

Linguistically, there should be the different property or feature between cheeks and the parts right near them for us to call cheeks “cheeks.” What is the main difference between cheeks and the other ...
user avatar
17 votes
2 answers
523 views

How to decipher references in natural history works of the late Renaissance and early Modernity?

Old botany books from the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries (and maybe also some later ones) enumerating lists of species used to give references to their sources as abbreviations consisting of one or few ...
user avatar
  • 348
1 vote
2 answers
96 views

What do you call members of a same species that show some morphological differences depending on their environment and/or diet?

What do you call members of a same species that exhibit a number of morphological differences depending on their environment and/or diet? I was thinking of the term "different phenotypes," ...
user avatar
11 votes
4 answers
2k views

Does the cytoplasm include the organelles?

I am a student in middle school. My textbook says that Cytoplasm is the gelatinous liquid part of the cell excluding organelles. However my teacher said this is wrong. According to her, the correct ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
23 views

Is there a formal name for the dissolved caterpillar substance produced during metamorphosis?

Is there a formal name for the dissolved caterpillar substance produced during metamorphosis? I've seen this described as a protein-rich soup, a horrid meltdown, larval tissue breakdown, metamorphic ...
user avatar
  • 11
2 votes
1 answer
67 views

Is there a term that distinguishes extracellular "transport" proteins from membrane-bound "transport" proteins?

I've been researching genetics and biochemistry in my free time and I've noticed that proteins such as albumin and apolipoproteins that facilitate extracellular transport and proteins such as GLUT1 ...
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
534 views

In fluorescence microscopy images what is meant by the term "puncta"?

I am reading papers where confocal fluorescence microscopy images were analysed. In many of the papers I see the term "puncta" being used when researchers analyse the colocalisation between ...
user avatar
  • 1,545
2 votes
1 answer
35 views

Is there a specific English term for this vessel for microbial sampling?

In Russian, such a container (see pictures) for microbial sampling is called бакпечатка (bakpechatka), as I learned just now. I've no idea about the etimology of the Russian term. Probably "bak&...
user avatar
  • 1,277
-3 votes
1 answer
209 views

Is sonic hedgehog a gene or a protein or both?

Is sonic hedgehog a gene or a protein or both? I think sonic hedgehog is okay as a name for a chemical. Having said that, I am a little bit concerned about the way sonic hedgehog seems to mean the ...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
68 views

Direction of translation/transcription

Perhaps it would not be wrong to say that "translation/transcription goes in the direction of 3' to 5'" or "in the direction of 5' to 3'";that's because these statements are ...
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
102 views

What is the difference between effective and efficient selection?

I always thought of the efficiency of natural selection in the context of molecular evolution. I.e. that linked selection and smaller population size cause less efficient selection. It took me a while ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
20 views

Is there a term for the entire system of moving oxygen around?

The respiratory system brings oxygen to the blood, and also can include stuff like nicotine from smoking. The circulatory system brings oxygenated blood (and all its little friends) to wherever they'...
user avatar
  • 155
4 votes
1 answer
88 views

How to convert a genus name to a noun or adjective

Consider the crayfish family Cambaridae. As I understand it, this familial name can be turned into an English noun or adjective by changing the first letter to lower case and dropping the "ae.&...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
40 views

Brain centers vs areas (and how they relate to nuclei)

I'm looking for a reputable source that can provide succinct definitions differentiating the following terms in the central nervous system (CNS; particularly in the brain): Area Center Nucleus ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
94 views

What is intracellular retention?

On the wiki page for proto-cadherins, they write, "The cytoplasmic domain also mediates intracellular retention, a property which distinguishes the clustered protocadherins from the related ...
user avatar
  • 91
2 votes
1 answer
43 views

Is there a difference between ISH and ISHH? (In Situ Hybridization, In Situ Hybridization Histochemistry)

I came across the term ISHH in my document and discovered that it stands for In Situ Hybridization Histochemistry. I's translating to Russian a document that uses this abbreviation. Example from the ...
user avatar
  • 1,277
0 votes
1 answer
39 views

What is the correct nomenclature for expressing a genotype where a recombination event may occur?

Given an example punnett square: ...
user avatar
34 votes
1 answer
3k views

Why do animal cells "mistake" rubidium ions for potassium ions?

So, I was browsing the Wikipedia article for rubidium, and came across this interesting tidbit: Rubidium is not a known nutrient for any living organisms. However, rubidium ions have the same charge ...
user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
148 views

When does one decide to refer to a virus as a new variant?

I've read that SARS-Cov-2 has several variants, e.g.: Can the U.S. keep Covid variants in check? Here's what it takes. Novavax’s Vaccine Works Well — Except on Variant First Found in South Africa ...
user avatar
-3 votes
1 answer
45 views

Difference between a phototroph and a photosynthetic organism?

A quick search on google about the topic and the page on wikipedia did not help understanding the difference between these two related terms.
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
73 views

What would be a single elegant-sounding word denoting controlled increase or decrease?

I am a biologist and frequently encounter the words 'upregulated' and 'downregulated' in the literature. Appropriately, these words are flagged by my browser spell-checker; they don't seem to be very ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
88 views

Understanding the use of English tenses in biological journal articles

My colleague and I (second language speakers) got in an argument in understanding the sentence: " however, how this complexity and diversification have been achieved remains rather poorly ...
user avatar
  • 31
0 votes
2 answers
53 views

Cancer: what does it mean "at presentation"?

Unclear to me what this means: "Objective The biological heterogeneity of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) makes prognosis difficult. We translate the results of a genome-wide high-throughput ...
user avatar
  • 261
1 vote
1 answer
393 views

A word that includes plants and fungi, but not animals [closed]

Hello biologists and biology enthusiasts! I am working on a project which includes information about plants and fungi. It would be very helpful for me if there a word that means plants-and-fungi, but ...
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
94 views

Structure and reactions of the cofactors of oxidoreductases such as ferredoxin

I have seen the word flavoprotein being used in place of ferredoxin in few places and vice-versa. I have not found any source that mentions them both together and explains the relation between them. ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
10 views

Meaning of the word "targeted" in a description of chromatin immunoprecipitation

From a research paper: The ChIP assay demonstrated that CIC physically binds to the promoter region of FOLR1, PCFT and RFC1. Compared with IgG control antibody, CIC antibody enriched 4.1-fold more ...
user avatar
  • 1,277
3 votes
1 answer
108 views

Is there a term for the opposite of intergenic?

I am looking for a term that describes DNA regions that overlap genes, i.e., non-intergenic DNA regions. For example, say I am writing a paper about DNA-binding sites (i.e., DNA sequences that ...
user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
46 views

Meaning of "stripped" in "stripped antibody-depleted sera"

From a research paper: FOLR1 autoantibody detection The assay for identification of the presence and relative quantification of FOLR1 autoantibodies in serum samples was performed as previously ...
user avatar
  • 1,277
1 vote
0 answers
155 views

Why is the "mango fly" called a "mango fly"?

Cordylobia anthropophaga, the mango fly, tumbu fly, tumba fly, putzi fly, or skin maggot fly, is a species of blow-fly common in East and Central Africa. Wiki page Why is Cordylobia anthropophaga ...
user avatar
  • 311
2 votes
1 answer
46 views

What does 21q21.1-q21.2 mean?

I am reading a journal paper about the association between NCAM2 and autism, and I have come across the following: We performed microarray analysis and identified a 1.6-Mb deletion of 21q21.1-q21.2, ...
user avatar
  • 1,545
1 vote
0 answers
35 views

What is the thinnest spot on the ilium called?

Is there a specific name for the spot on the human iliac fossa where the bone is the thinnest? (Or, is there a name for the thickness measurement of that spot, e.g. the left/right _________ is 2.1mm?) ...
user avatar
  • 618

1
2 3 4 5
14