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Summary It is the nature of the biochemical reaction that determines whether a reaction of ATP involves hydrolysis of the β- or γ- phosphoanhydride bond. If a part of the ATP molecule is incorporated into one of the products, the choice of bond to be cleaved emerges from the chemistry of the reaction. If the hydrolysis (with a negative free energy change, ΔG)...


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This research states that an eel whose size is 90 cm can provide 6.05 mW, which is 145 mWh every day. They say you'd need 165 eels to be able to read for 24 hours using a 1W lightbulb like the one on a phone. An electric eel should be able to flash a 0.6W L.E.D. light for 10 milliseconds at full power every second, which would be very visible in daylight, ...


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Summary The question shows confusion about the purpose of the splitting of water in photosynthesis. Quoting from Berg et al., in the light reactions of photosynthesis “Light is absorbed and the energy is used to drive electrons from water to generate NADPH and to drive protons across a membrane. These protons return through ATP synthase to make ATP.” The ...


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To understand that, you must have a basic understanding of Gibbs-Helmholtz equation. it states- $\Delta G'=\Delta G^{'o} +RT\,ln\,(Q) $ Here, $\Delta G'$ = biochemical free energy change & $\Delta G^{'o}$ = standard biochemical free energy change. Suppose you have a reaction, $x+FADH_2\rightleftharpoons xH_2+FAD $ So, $Q=\dfrac{[xH_2][FAD]}{[x][FADH_2]}$ ...


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I found some information on how much energy an electric eel can theoretically produce for an hour, but not per day. Thanks to this excellent answer from dtrades and my own research. Apparently, electric eels can produce up to 860 watts, at up to 1 amp, with 1ms pulses and up to 500hz, with older/longer eels being able to produce a more stable output. That ...


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DNA polymerase uses this form of the reaction NTP -> NMP + PPi which is followed by a rapid degradation of pyrophosphate for a very important reason. It makes the reaction irreversible (or quasi irreversible). The backward reaction is (practically) impossible because in order for it to take place, multiple compounds must simultaneously reunite in the ...


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