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The minimal neural mechanisms that are jointly sufficient for consciousness (conscious percept, thought, memory, etc.) to occur, under constant background conditions, are called the neural correlates of consciousness (NCC) [1]. The background conditions are enabling factors that must be present for the NCC to be able to function (e.g., the heart must beat ...


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This review article [1] gives dopamine responses for rats (similar to the BBC article above) and includes references to the underlying studies: Sex/Food: 150% - 300% Alcohol/Ethanol: 190% (1g/kg) * Morphine: 200% (1mg/kg) * Nicotine: 220% (0.6mg/kg) * Cocaine: 350% (5mg/kg) Methamphetamine: 1000% (1mg/kg) These are percentages of the baseline ...


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From the source you provided, the answers seem to be outlined well from the authors' sentence that states: The Pr [release probability] of SVs [synaptic vesicles] at the AZ [active zone] is set by a complex interplay of different presynaptic properties including the availability of release-ready SVs, the location of the SVs relative to the voltage-gated ...


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