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The subtext of the textbook excerpt quoted above is that when people are eating vegetable oil, they are not eating other fat sources. Saturated fats increase LDL levels, and unsaturated fats do not. A C Beynen, M B Katan, Why do polyunsaturated fatty acids lower serum cholesterol?, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Volume 42, Issue 3, September ...


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It is stated that out of all eumetazoans in Kingdom Animalia, only arthropods do not contain such structures. I found this paper(1), eliciting an exception (within an exception)- Isotomurus maculatus: Here, we report the first evidence for the expression of a cytoplasmic IF protein in an arthropod - the basal hexapod Isotomurus maculatus. This new protein, ...


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The inner mitochondrial membrane is important for ATP synthesis (oxidative phosphorylation) to occur. Electron transport chains are situated on the inner mitochondrial membrane where electrons traverse the chain across proteins - causing protons to traverse into the mitochondrial matrix. Creating an electrochemical proton gradient. This is a very interesting ...


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