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4

Perfect flowers have both male and female parts. "Degraded" isn't used anymore - just "imperfect". "A bisexual (or “perfect”) flower has both stamens and carpels, and a unisexual (or “imperfect”) flower either lacks stamens (and is called carpellate) or lacks carpels (and is called staminate). Species with both staminate flowers and carpellate flowers on ...


3

Based on the habitat, color, and size that lupine looks like Coastal bush lupine (Lupinus arboreus). Please note that Coastal bush lupine can be invasive, so be responsible about where you plant it! You can also learn more about this plant and its growth requirements from the California Native Plant Society Images for comparison:


3

This is acaena magellanica which is also called "Buzzy Burr" or "Greater Burnett". See these images for comparision (from here and here):


2

It looks like some kind of Lobelia. A close up of the flower itself would be very helpful. I believe it is a Cardinal Flower: This 1-6 ft. perennial has showy, red flowers in 8 in., terminal spikes. Each flower has three spreading lower petals and two upper petals, all united into a tube at the base. Erect leafy stems, often in clusters, with racemes of ...


1

The plant looks like something in the genus Bougainvillea. These plants are native to South America, but found as introduced ornamentals in many places. The colored petal-like organs are bracts (see the Wikipedia link above). The entire structure is an inflorescence with the flower buds growing out from the surface of the colored bracts — you should ...


1

The definition you quote is a bit misleading — what matters is where the lateral flowers are connected to the inflorescence axis, not where they are physically in space. Thus, due to the way these cymes develop (starts with a terminal flower and then a lateral bud grows out to form anther terminal flower, etc.) they must be basipetal because the first ...


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