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If I understand your question and graph correctly, your Y-axis is log(x/REF), where REF is some external standard. Your "Ref" on the x-axis you expect to be the same as REF, so that log(Ref/REF) "should be" zero, but you find it is not. However, it looks like the mean(log(Ref/REF)) is still approximately zero. This is what I would expect: ...


2

It is entirely possible that different cell-lines express the same genes at drastically different levels. The proteinatlas provides data and analyses on differences between certain tissues or cell types / cell-lines. If your cells are of the same line/tissue, then they might still differ dependent on the cell-cycle, age and external factors. There are ...


2

The characteristic(or trait) which is visible in an organism is called its phenotype. The ratio of the phenotypes of the progeny produced in a cross of trait(s) gives us the phenotypic ratio. A dihybrid cross refers to a cross in which plants having two contrasting characters are crossed with each other. For example, crossing round and yellow seeds with ...


1

The gene isn't specified here, but the general idea expressed is variegation. There are individual hairs (it could be larger regions) that are controlled by one of the two genes, but there is some randomization of which one. An easy system to picture this in would be the X chromosome. One X chromosome is inactivated in the female, and the other is not. If ...


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