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4

Of course. Just like any other type of mutation. If a mutation (incl. a chromosomal microdeletion) happens in the germ line, then the mutation can be passed on.


2

Thalassemia is a genetic disease, in which either the alpha- or the beta-globins are missing or mutated. The hemoglobin of the blood is a protein complex which in adults consists of 2 alpha- and 2 beta-globin subunits. The ratio of these proteins needs to be exactly right, if one of them isn't produced enough or even missing, this leads to non-functional ...


2

What you describe is called a ring species. From wikipedia: In biology, a ring species is a connected series of neighbouring populations, each of which can interbreed with closely sited related populations, but for which there exist at least two "end" populations in the series, which are too distantly related to interbreed, though there is a potential ...


1

It means coding DNA reference sequence. Please refer the following link for more information. https://varnomen.hgvs.org/bg-material/simple/ . This should help.


1

This is well documented in Advances in Microbial Physiology, Volume 16, Moseley and Williams, pages 116-117 (searchable via Google Books). Mattern et al. (1966) designated mutations that made E. coli Bs-1 sensitive to X-ray radiation as exr (X-ray sensitivity) mutations. That same year, Howard-Flanders and Boyce (1966) independently designated equivalent ...


1

On Genecards it is mentioned that the GULO pseudo gene being expressed in humans in many major tissues. In that case the gene might be active although not encoding for a functional enzyme.


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