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Generally the axial length doesn't decrease: graph Although there is discussion of various conditions where it has been observed to decrease, i.e. nanophthalmos, microphthalmos, and retinoblastoma... A review of current research is here: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5501611/ quote: It is considered that the axial length reaches adult length ...


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It is true that nearly all arteries carry oxygenated blood and nearly all veins carry de-oxygenated blood, but that is not what defines them. Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart, and veins carry blood towards the heart. If you look at the situation in that light, the naming makes sense: the pulmonary artery is carrying de-...


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Yes, there is a threshold of taste. According to this article The taste system encodes information about the quantity as well as the identity of stimuli. In general, the higher the stimulus concentration, the greater the perceived intensity of taste. Threshold concentrations for most ingested tastants are quite high, however. For example, the threshold ...


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