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Isolating virus particles is important for accurate genomic sequencing, which in turn enables study of mutation rates and determination of hotspots, locations in the genome where mutations occur at higher rates: “Sorting individual viral particles makes it possible to identify and sequence the genomes of viruses one by one,” states Òscar Fornàs, head of ...


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2019-NCoV was first cultured by a Chinese group, as published here on January 24. China has not shared samples, but did share sequencing data in the linked paper and via GISAID. The Australian group at the Doherty Institute hasn't published yet, but did put out a press release today (January 29), and appears to be the first group outside of China to have ...


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The root of the problem for a majority of cystic fibrosis patients is that they have two defective genes for a particular protein and at least one of these genes is defective because it is missing a 3-base codon for the amino acid at position 508 of the protein. Eluforsen, also known as QR-010, is a somewhat modified 33-base RNA molecule. The bases in it ...


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Molecular oxygen also has roles in antimicrobial defense1,2. Specifically macrophages use O2 to create cascades of reactive nitrogen intermediates (RNI) and reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI; aka ROS) — these compounds have antimicrobial effects. The RNI cascade starts with nitric oxide (NO) and is catalyzed by a nitric oxide synthase, which converts ...


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Not everyone sweats in seconds after drinking water in summer. Also, sweating in seconds after drinking water is not likely due to water being absorbed (Nutrition Reviews, 2015): Ingested fluids are not immediately available for assimilation into the body. They are initially stored in the stomach, and there is little net absorption of water or solute ...


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