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Where in the biological realm is vitamin B5 chiefly produced?

General Considerations Pantothenic acid is a precursor for the synthesis of Coenzyme A which is essential for most, if not all, living organisms. As bacteria appeared on earth before plants, and can ...
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What makes the cytoplasm a reducing environment?

The redox buffer in the cytosol is glutathione (reduced GSH and oxidized GSSG), which is present in large amounts (López-Mirabal & Winther 2008 , doi: 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2007.10.013). Proteins with ...
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