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This is an interesting question with good comments. I did medical school, and I am here on unix.se, so let me give some thoughts: The central nervous system consists of "gray" and "white" matter. In the spinal chord you have this gray butterfly shape, in the neocortex it is "gray matter" (neuron's cell body) and "white matter" (neuron's myelinated axons). ...


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The hippocampus is considered archicortex rather than neocortex. Sometimes hippocampus is considered "sub-cortical" but I think this is only really fair if you really mean "sub-neocortical"; it's common for "cortical" to be used as a shorthand for neocortex in human neurobiology. Writers will be more specific when necessary. The piriform cortex and related ...


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