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CDC Wonder, a health database of the US Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), has weekly data for Nationally Notifiable Infectious Diseases and Conditions, United States: Weekly Tables from 1996 to 2020 on the state level for antrax, brucellosis, dengue fever, leptospirosis, malaria, meningococcal disease, Q fever, rabies, etc. Weekly tables since ...


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Bats are reservoirs of many important human pathogens, some are emerging infections (e.g., 2019-NCoV, the coronavirus in the news recently), and some are not (e.g., rabies). Contact between humans and bats is certainly not a new phenomena, but there is more required for an emerging infection than a reservoir and a new host. There must be some bridge that ...


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DNA ligase catalyzes the formation of a bond between 3’-OH and 5’-PO4 of its nucleic acid substrate. (See Lehnman, 1974) The ligation bond will be formed when the proper ends are close together, allowing the ligase to act. Lets redraw your diagram and add the 5’ and 3’ designations to it. I think this may help clear out some points. Regarding the alkaline ...


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It is possible, but unconfirmed, that the first incidents of SARS-CoV were directly infected by bats, and that palm civits were infected parallelly: The new study demonstrates that Chinese horseshoe bats harbor a pair of SARS like viruses that are very closely related to the strain that caused the 2003-2004 pandemic and that these strains have the ...


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They are not writing about "after conditioning" as you write, but, importantly, after extinction. What they observe is that, during learning, the response to the conditioned stimulus (CS+) becomes more similar to the response to the US. In the n-dimensional space in which a population response lives, you can describe this as the population vector ...


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