Edward Lanphier, CEO of Sangamo BioSciences mentions here(https://youtu.be/dJ1B8XnyEnM?t=1215) that scientists can now specifically target cells, change the genome within a cell. Say you want to cure a type of disease, which can be linked to your genome. You have successfully removed the faulty gene in your genome (GenomeA), replaced it with a correct gene resulting in a improved genome (GenomeB) in a single cell. The next step will probably be to put it back into the human body. However, as I understand it every human cell contains your faulty human genome (GenomeA).
- Even if you put a few cells with the correct genome sequence (GenomeB) into your human body, it is probably going to be overwhelmed by the other cells that contain your faulty genome (GenomeA). Cells containing the correct genome (GenomeB) will divide and multiply but so will cells containing the faulty genome (GenomeA). In this “genomic war” will the fewer cells containing the correct Genome (genomeB) ever win? Or will you need period infusions of cells with the correct genome "forever"?
How would you guys think about this?
Even if it wins, it will probably take a very long time to completely replace all the cells with the faulty genomes. How much time is required before you can completely replace all the cells with the incorrect genomeA, with cells containing the correct genomeB?
Say you realize that you have a faulty genome (GenomeA), and you attempt to replace your genome with a correct genome (GenomeB). After 2 years, you have another disease and realize that you have to again correct your genome with GenomeC. However, 2 years is not enough to replace all your cells with the incorrect GenomeA, with the correct GenomeB. If you attempt to undergo genetherapy, now you will have to introduce another group of cells with GenomeC. Now you have cells with multiple different types of genomes floating around: genomeA, genomeB and genomeC. Are there any complications that happen due to the presence of multiple types of cells with different genomes in your body?