I just read an NPR article about allergies to red meat being caused by tick bites. That stood out to me because I thought allergies are triggered by an initial exposure to some allergen. In this case, the allergen is alpha-gal, a disaccharide found in cell membranes of most mammals; humans and apes are a notable exception. The article explains that ticks might cause this allergy by transferring alpha-gal from other animals to us when they feed on our blood.
However, we also are exposed to alpha-gal every time we eat red meat. How are we protected from allergic reactions when we eat red meat but not when we eat peanuts? Why does that protection fail after alpha-gal is exposed to our bloodstream?