Technically brain is composed of billions of neurons for abstract computation of the world around us. I am bit confused that how does emotions such as fear/anger gets simulated by amygdala, which is nothing more then bunch of specialized neurons but we feel it as penalty. What part of the brain senses response from amygdala and determines ok, thats fear/penalty? What exactly is penalty?
How does human comprehend reward and penalty (fear/anger/sorrow)?