# Genetic Epistasis Question

I need help with this practice question. I'm assuming that would a epsitatic recessive question since the parents are true breeding and then the ratio would be 9.3.4. But I am not so sure.

Any help would be greatly appreciated thanks!

• The answer to the third question should be recessive epistasis. Jan 26 '14 at 7:25

The Magenta variety is pure breeding, and hence must be homozygous at both loci, (Dominant at Gene A and recessive at Gene B), otherwise, in some of the generation along the family line, there would have been a non-magenta flower, which contradicts the pure breeding nature. But the same cannot be said for the pure breeding white variety, as it can still be homozygous recessive at Gene A and heterozygous at Gene B, it would still exhibit white flowers in all of its progeny after any number of generations.

But the fact that all the progeny of the cross between white and the magenta variety turns out to be red, removes the possibility of the white variety being heterozygous, as that would have produced atleast some magenta plants. Since all were red, we can be certain of the genotype of both the parents, and consequently of the F1 progeny.

This solves your first question. The second question needs the extrapolation of the information gathered while solving the first question into a Punnett square and a simple probability calculation. The third question is a factual question, but it must be mentioned, that this particular type of interaction can be classified under more than one type, and hence a single answer would not be possible for your third question.

The third question is actually a bit difficult to answer. The phenotypes will be $\text{A*B*}$=Red, $\text{A*bb}$=Magenta, $\text{aa**}$=white. This gives us $9:3:4$ for Red:Magenta:white. Now the fact that recessive at one locus , Gene A, suppresses the phenotype altogether no matter what the genotype at the other locus, means that one of the phenomenon exhibited is recessive epistasis, where Gene A is the epistatic loci and Gene B is the Hypostatic loci. But, the fact that there are two distinct phenotypes with the epistatic gene dominant, means the interaction is not complementary ($9:7$) but is supplementary ($9:3:4$). This distinction is necessary, and it essentially means that the "intermediate" of the elucidated pathway is also coloured. Otherwise, like in Flower colour in Lathyrus Odoratus, the phenotypes of $\text{aa**}$ and $\text{A*bb}$ are same, and hence the phenotypic ration remains $9:7$. For a ratio of $13:3$ you need domianant epistasis and the phenotypes of double recessive and the epistatic recessive must match. Here, it is recessive epistasis, as the recessive condition at one locus suppresses the expression a other, and not dominant. Feel free to seek further clarifications or simplification.

• Thanks for the answer Satwik. Really appreciate it but stil for question 3b, i understand that if the F1 are self-crossed then that would yield a 9:3:3:1 ratio I also understand that there are a number of deviations from that ratio depending on the interaction. I'm assuming it might be a 9:3:4 ratio but I'm not sure since others are also reasnable. What deviation do you think is the correct one? Jan 26 '14 at 17:48
• Also, just to confirm for question d, if we cross BbDd and BbDd and end up with BD, Bdd, bbD, bbdd, then those carrying a dd would not be expressed and only those with with Bdd can produce the phenotype concerned, then that would be dominant suppression interaction? is that true and the ratio then would be a 13:3?? Thanks in advance Jan 26 '14 at 17:56
• @ApothemCyte See the addendum in my answer Jan 27 '14 at 4:52

The way I understood the problem is like this.

a) The parents are said to be pure bred so we can assume that both parents posses homozygous for each of the traits. Hence, the genotype for both are:

P1: Magenta AAbb x aaBB White

So this will result to all F1 consisting of Red flowered phenotypes (AaBb)

-since the absence of gene A will not code for the magenta intermediate, it's fine to activate gene B because this will not work without gene A.

b) the ratio that will be observed on the F2 generation are: 9 red: 3 magenta: 4 white

c) the interaction of the genes pertains to recessive epistasis. The following ratios are constant for each of the epistatic interaction:

1. Dominant epistasis: 12:3:1
2. Recessive epistasis: 9:3:4
3. Double Dominant epistasis: 15:1
4. Double recessive epistasis: 9:7
5. Dominant-recessive epistasis: 13:3